What was the first African American magazine?

Ebony, monthly magazine geared to a middle-class African American readership. It was the first Black-oriented magazine in the United States to attain national circulation. Ebony was founded in 1945 by John H. Johnson of Chicago, whose first publishing venture was the pocket-size Negro Digest (1942).

Who helped establish the Negro Digest later named the black world in 1967 and also served as its editor?

John H. Johnson
Organization Johnson Publishing Company (founder)
Notable credit(s) Negro Digest Ebony JET
Spouse(s) Eunice Walker ​ ( m. 1941)​
Children 2

Who was the first African American hero of WWII?

Doris “Dorie” Miller
Doris “Dorie” Miller emerged as the first national hero of World War II and became the first African American to be awarded the Navy Cross. He was a crewman aboard the West Virginia in Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.

Was the first black magazine publisher?

Johnson of Johnson Publishing Company, Negro Digest was first published locally in Chicago, Illinois….Negro Digest.

April 1947 Negro Digest cover featuring Chicago Veterans Administration worker Carolyn Pegues.
Publisher and Editor John H. Johnson
Publisher Johnson Publishing Company
Founder John H. Johnson
First issue November 1942

When was the first Ebony magazine published?

November 1, 1945
The magazine was named by Johnson’s wife, Eunice Walker Johnson, thinking of the dark wood. The magazine was patterned after the format of Life magazine. Ebony published its first issue on November 1, 1945, with an initial press run of 25,000 copies that sold out completely.

When did Ebony magazine first published?

November 1945
Starting with its first issue in November 1945, Ebony chronicled black life and contributions across regions and generations. In documenting the American experience, Ebony extended its value beyond its iconic place in American popular culture.

Who started Ebony magazine?

John H. Johnson

John H. Johnson (1918-2005) launched Ebony magazine with the goal of producing a journal to chronicle African American lives. While Ebony’s first issue totaled 25,000 copies, by its sixtieth year in 2005, the publication reached ten million readers.

When was Ebony magazine published?

Who was Dorie Miller and the Black Eagles?

Doris Miller, byname Dorrie, (born October 12, 1919, Waco, Texas, U.S.—died November 24, 1943, off Butaritari Atoll, Gilbert Islands), U.S. naval serviceman noted for his bravery during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (1941). He was the first African American recipient of the Navy Cross for valour.

Who was the first black person in the military?

“Benjamin Oliver Davis Sr. – The First African American General Officer in the Regular Army and in the U.S. Armed Forces”. United States Army Center of Military History.

Who was the founder of Ebony magazine?


What was John H Johnson’s net worth?

Since then, sagging Viacom and CBS stock, plus investments in real estate, hotels and banks–industries pummeled in the past year amid the recession–have dragged Johnson’s net worth to $550 million, we estimate.

What was the Black Press like during World War 2?

But despite the overall pro-war sentiment, the black press also featured cartoons that offered a platform for critiquing blacks’ paradoxical position in the war on a domestic and global scale. One cartoonist, Bill Chase, reflected early isolationist sentiments among blacks.

Where did African Americans fight in World War 2?

More than one and a half million African Americans served in the United States military forces during World War II. They fought in the Pacific, Mediterranean, and European war zones, including the Battle of the Bulge and the D-Day invasion.

What did African American women do in World War 2?

About 4,000 African American women joined the Army’s Women’s Army Corps. While they often experienced racially-integrated instructional facilities, they were usually assigned to menial labor positions. However, one of these African American units served overseas as a postal battalion.

When did the US join the Allies in World War 2?

In December 1941 Japan opened the war with its attack on Pearl Harbor, the US declared war on Japan, and Japan’s allies Germany and Italy declared war on the US, bringing the US into World War II. The US played a central role in liaising among the Allies and especially among the Big Four. [30]