What is another name for the shaft of a long bone?

A long bone has two parts: the diaphysis and the epiphysis. The diaphysis is the tubular shaft that runs between the proximal and distal ends of the bone. The hollow region in the diaphysis is called the medullary cavity, which is filled with yellow marrow.

What is the elongated shaft of a long bone?

Long bones grow primarily by elongation of the diaphysis (the central shaft), with an epiphysis at each end of the growing bone. The ends of epiphyses are covered with hyaline cartilage (articular cartilage).

What is long bone formation called?

bone formation, also called ossification, process by which new bone is produced.

What is the term for shaft of the bone?

Diaphysis. The long shaft of the bone. Epiphysis. The knob like end of the bone, often contains red marrow (blood cells).

What does the Osteon do?

It provides protection and strength to bones. Compact bone tissue consists of units called osteons or Haversian systems. Osteons are cylindrical structures that contain a mineral matrix and living osteocytes connected by canaliculi, which transport blood. They are aligned parallel to the long axis of the bone.

Where are the osteocytes?

the bone
OSTEOCYTES are cells inside the bone. They also come from osteoblasts. Some of the osteoblasts turn into osteocytes while the new bone is being formed, and the osteocytes then get surrounded by new bone.

What is a tubercle on a bone?

A tubercle is a small rounded point of a bone. It also refers to a nodule attached to bone, mucous membrane (moist layer lining parts of the body), or skin. The term tubercle is less commonly used to refer to skin irritation resulting from a tuberculosis (TB) infection.

Where does a long bone grow in length?

the epiphyseal plate
Bone Growth Bones grow in length at the epiphyseal plate by a process that is similar to endochondral ossification. The cartilage in the region of the epiphyseal plate next to the epiphysis continues to grow by mitosis.

How can I make my bones grow longer?

10 Natural Ways to Build Healthy Bones

  1. Eat Lots of Vegetables.
  2. Perform Strength Training and Weight-Bearing Exercises.
  3. Consume Enough Protein.
  4. Eat High-Calcium Foods Throughout the Day.
  5. Get Plenty of Vitamin D and Vitamin K.
  6. Avoid Very Low-Calorie Diets.
  7. Consider Taking a Collagen Supplement.
  8. Maintain a Stable, Healthy Weight.

What is the shaft of the long bone called quizlet?

The diaphysis is the hollow shaft of long bone. The articular cartliage covers and cushions the ends of the bones. The periosteum lines the medullary cavity. The epiphysis is the hollow area in the shaft of the bone where marrow is stored.

What are proximal long bones?

Each end of a long bone is called an epiphysis. The proximal (closer to the body) epiphysis of the humerus and the proximal epiphysis of the femur are shaped in a rounded manner, called the head, and look a bit like half of a ball. This shape allows those two long bones to rotate in multiple directions.

What does osteon look like?

Each osteon looks like a ring with a light spot in the center. The light spot is a canal that carries a blood vessel and a nerve fiber. The darker ring consists of layers of bone matrix made by cells called osteoblasts (check your textbook for an explanation of the difference between osteoblasts and osteocytes).

What is the shaft of a long bone called?

endosteum. the end of the long bone is called. epiphysis. the shaft of a long bone is called. diaphysis. Click to see full answer. Similarly one may ask, which term describes the shaft of a long bone? Diaphysis. describes the shaft of a long bone.

Which is part of a bone has greater length than width?

A long bone is a bone that has greater length than width. A long bone has a shaft and 2 ends. Long bones have a thick outside layer of compact bone and an inner medullary cavity containing bone marrow.

What are the functions of the long bone?

Long bone anatomy Long bones are hard, dense bones that provide strength, structure, and mobility. Supports soft tissue and provides attachment for skeletal muscles. Protects internal organs. Assists in movement, along with skeletal muscles. Stores and releases minerals. Contains red bone marrow, which produces blood cells.

Are there any bones that are long in length?

Some bones in the fingers are classified as long bones, even though they are short in length. This is due to the shape of the bones, not their size. All of the bones in the arms and legs, except the patella, and bones of the wrist, and ankle, are long bones.