- 1 Which is the best definition of the word irony?
- 2 What is the dark irony of the police?
- 3 Who is the author of the book Irony?
- 4 Which is the best definition of the word preferentially?
- 5 What is the difference between antibiosis and antixenosis?
- 6 What is the meaning of the acronym bolts?
- 7 How is irony used as a rhetorical device?
Which is the best definition of the word irony?
Irony is a literary device or event in which how things seem to be is in fact very different from how they actually are. If this seems like a loose definition, don’t worry—it is. Irony is a broad term that encompasses three different types of irony, each with their own specific definition: verbal irony , dramatic irony, and situational irony.
How is the gift of the Magi an example of irony?
It is an example of situational irony when, in the O. Henry story ” The Gift of the Magi ,” a young wife cuts off her hair in order to buy her husband a chain for his prized watch, but the husband sells his watch to buy his wife a comb for her beautiful hair.
Which is an example of irony in Greek tragedy?
You can also see this type of irony at play in Greek tragedies where the tragic hero is punished for their acts of hubris (excessive pride) — which was apparently the gravest sin in ancient Greece. Example: In Oedipus Rex, the title character is, unbeknownst to him, a foundling adopted by King Polybus.
Situational irony is closely related to the idea of cosmic irony, where the universe seemingly contrives an event for its own amusement. For example, when the “unsinkable” HMS Titanic met an untimely end on its maiden voyage. To clarify: “the irony of events” is not the same as “coincidence” and “bad luck” (apologies to Alanis Morrisette).
How does irony work as a literary device?
As a plot device, irony allows readers to re-evaluate their knowledge, expectations, and understanding. Therefore, writers can call attention to themes in their work while simultaneously catching their readers off-guard. As a literary device, irony does not only reveals unexpected events or plot twists.
What is the difference between irony and antiphrasis?
irony – a trope that involves incongruity between what is expected and what occurs. antiphrasis – the use of a word in a sense opposite to its normal sense (especially in irony) dramatic irony – (theater) irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play.
What is the dark irony of the police?
The dark irony is that, when people take to the streets to protest racism in policing, some police have used cutting-edge tools with a known racial bias against those assembled. It may be fun and it may get them paid, until oversaturation ruins our sense for irony and destroys the market for it.
Is the word irony synonymous with bad luck?
Irony is not synonymous with sarcasm, coincidence, or bad luck. While these concepts can have ironic characteristics, they’re not interchangeable. More on that later. Irony creates contrast between how things seem and how they really are beneath the surface.
What is the difference between irony and satire?
Besides the three main types of irony described above, two other literary devices—sarcasm and satire—share a lot in common with irony: is a bitter, cutting, or mocking taunt used to denigrate a particular person, place, or thing. Satire is a form of social or political critique.
Is the word irony synonymous with the word incongruous?
This sense, however, is not synonymous with “incongruous” but merely a definition of dramatic or situational irony. It is often included in definitions of irony not only that incongruity is present but also that the incongruity must reveal some aspect of human vanity or folly.
When does Jonathan Swift use the word irony?
The use of words to mean something very different from what they appear on the surface to mean. Jonathan Swift uses irony in “ A Modest Proposal ” when he suggests the eating of babies as a solution to overpopulation and starvation in Ireland.
How is irony used in Socratic and dramatic irony?
Socratic irony is a tool used in debating; dramatic irony is what happens when the audience realizes that Romeo and Juliet’s plans will go awry. The third, and debated, use of irony regards what’s called situational irony.
Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Irony is the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning.
Which is an example of unironic song about irony?
It is, of course, ironic that ‘Ironic’ is an unironic song about irony. Bonus irony: ‘Ironic’ is widely cited as an example of how Americans don’t get irony, despite the fact that Alanis Morissette is Canadian.”
What is the medical definition of the enzyme mutase?
Medical Definition of mutase. : any of various enzymes that catalyze molecular rearrangements and especially those involving the transfer of phosphate from one hydroxyl group to another in the same molecule.
What’s the irony of the e-waste Mountains?
It’s no small irony the movement is based on fraudulent data, published by the now disgraced Andrew Wakefield, an English gastroenterologist. The grand irony being that they all blame each other for, well, who’s to blame. It’s a bitter irony that the e-waste mountains collecting in the world’s poorest places actually contain a fortune.
How is irony used in situational and dramatic irony?
In situational irony, both the characters and the audience are fully unaware of the implications of the real situation. In dramatic irony, the characters are oblivious of the situation, but the audience is not.
Which is an example of irony in Harry Potter?
This unexpected twist also comes with the ironic realization that Harry must sacrifice himself for Voldemort to die. So he willingly goes to meet Voldemort — and his own death. But when Voldemort uses the killing curse on Harry, it has the opposite of his desired effect.
Which is the best definition of the word preferentially?
Define preferentially. preferentially synonyms, preferentially pronunciation, preferentially translation, English dictionary definition of preferentially. adj. 1. Of, relating to, or giving advantage or preference: preferential treatment. 2. Manifesting or originating from partiality or preference:…
Which is an example of irony in The Hobbit?
Dramatic Irony Example: The Hobbit. The Hobbit contains a perfect example of this when Bilbo happens upon the ring while lost in a mountain. He puts it in his pocket and soon after encounters Gollum. At this point, readers are aware of the significance of the ring and of its importance to Gollum.
Which is the best example of situational irony?
Situational irony is when the outcome of a situation is totally different from what people expect. This type of irony is a literary technique that’s riddled with contradictions and contrasts. For example, in the book The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, all the people in Emerald City assume that its Oz is powerful and impressive.
What is the difference between verbal irony and situational irony?
Essentially, verbal and situational irony are each a violation of a reader’s expectations and conventional knowledge. When it comes to verbal irony, the reader may be expecting a character’s statement or response to be one thing though it turns out to be the opposite.
Which is the best definition of an abrogator?
abrogator – an authority or official empowered to abolish or annul or repeal. authority – (usually plural) persons who exercise (administrative) control over others; “the authorities have issued a curfew”.
Irony (from Ancient Greek εἰρωνεία eirōneía ‘ dissimulation, feigned ignorance’ ), in its broadest sense, is a rhetorical device, literary technique, or event in which what on the surface appears to be the case or to be expected differs radically from what is actually the case.
When is irony the same as coincidence and bad luck?
Situational irony. When the truth contradicts an expected outcome, it’s situational irony — also known as “the irony of events.” Again, just to clarify, irony is not the same as “coincidence” and “bad luck.”. If you buy a new car and then accidentally drive it into a tree, that is both coincidence and bad luck.
What is the difference between antibiosis and antixenosis?
Antixenosis Antixenosis occurs when there is non-preference for the resistant plant compared to a susceptible one, while antibiosis applies to disruption of life parameters (survival, development, fecundity) of the insect. From: Plant Virus-Host Interaction (Second Edition), 2021
How does antixenosis affect the behavior of herbivores?
Antixenosis is a mechanism by which the plant deters herbivores or reduces their colonization by affecting their behavior (e.g., leaf trichomes).
What is the irony of campaign finance reform?
Lacking any sense of irony, Eldridge made campaign-finance reform a signature plank. The irony is that communities are protesting stereotyping—as cops respond in stereotypical ways. The eyes were large and gray, the expression that of a contemplative savant, with a faint dash of irony in their glance.
Which is the best example of irony in Shakespeare?
One excellent example of dramatic irony can be found in Shakespeare’s Othello . Through the play, the audience watches as Iago plots against his commander Othello, and seeks to make Othello believe that his wife Desdemona has been unfaithful to him. The audience watches as Iago plots to himself and with others.
Which is an example of a situational irony?
When the truth contradicts an expected outcome, it’s situational irony — also known as “the irony of events.” Situational irony is closely related to the idea of cosmic irony, where the universe seemingly contrives an event for its own amusement. For example, when the “unsinkable” HMS Titanic met an untimely end on its maiden voyage.
Which is an example of irony in Shakespeare?
In dramatic irony, the characters are oblivious of the situation, but the audience is not. For example, in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, we know well before the characters that they are going to die. In real life circumstances, irony may be comical, bitter, or sometimes unbearably offensive.
What is the meaning of the acronym bolts?
BOLTSS is a mapping acronym that means; Border – To show the edges of the map and the limits of the area covered by the map. There is usually (but not always) an overlap of the borders of adjoining maps of the same series. Orientation – To show which way is North, usually directed with a compass.
What’s the difference between verbal irony and sarcasm?
Verbal irony is when your speaker says something that’s the opposite to what they mean. While it sounds similar to sarcasm, it’s not exactly the same. People usually use sarcasm to attack something, but that’s not always the case with irony.
What do you mean by the term immunology?
Immunology deals with physical, chemical and physiological characteristics of the components of the immune system in vitro, in situ, and in vivo. Immunology has a vast array of uses in several disciplines of science and medical science.
The study of the interaction of the immune system with cancer cells can lead to diagnostic tests and therapies with which to find and fight cancer. The immunology concerned with physiological reaction characteristic of the immune state.
Which is the great irony of human intelligence?
The great irony of human intelligence is that the only species on Earth capable of reason, complex-problem solving, long-term planning and consciousness understands so little about the organ that makes it all possible—the brain.
What’s the difference between verbal and dramatic irony?
Verbal Irony. The use of words to mean something different than what they appear to mean. Situational Irony. The difference between what is expected to happen and what actually happens. Dramatic Irony. When the audience is more aware of what is happening than a character.
How is irony used as a rhetorical device?
[T]echnically, irony is a rhetorical device used to convey a meaning sharply different from or even opposite of the literal text. It’s not just saying one thing while meaning another–that’s what Bill Clinton does. No, it’s more like a wink or running joke among people in the know.
Which is the best definition of an ironic statement?
An ironic statement usually involves the explicit expression of one attitude or evaluation, but with indications in the overall speech-situation that the speaker intends a very different, and often opposite, attitude or evaluation.