Where is the Paharpur situated?

Somapura Mahavihara

Paharpur Buddhist Bihar
Location Naogaon, Bangladesh
Coordinates 25.0311°N 88.9773°ECoordinates:25.0311°N 88.9773°E
Elevation 24 m (80 ft)
Built 8th century AD

Why is Paharpur famous?

Today, Paharpur is the most spectacular and magnificent monument in Bangladesh and the second largest single Buddhist monastery on south of the Himalayas. Criterion (i) : This monastery-city represents a unique artistic achievement. It also continued to influence Buddhist architecture as far away as Cambodia.

How old is Paharpur?

It was against this backdrop that the great monastery of Paharpur was established in the 8th century in modern-day Bangladesh. Here, the brightest minds of the era gathered to try to answer the questions that arose from this fractured Buddhist landscape.

Who invented Paharpur Buddha Bihar?

Somapura Mahavihara was one of the most famous Buddhist monastic institutions of ancient Bengal. The excavated monastic complex at paharpur has been identified with the Somapura Mahavihara built by the second Pala king dharmapala (c 781-821 AD).

What are the things found in Paharpur?


  • Ground plan of Paharpur Mahavihara.
  • Paharpur Mahavihara.
  • Bow-arrow, Teracotta plaque, Paharpur.
  • Stone Sculpture, Paharpur.
  • Balarama, Stone, Paharpur.
  • Buddha, Bronze sculpture, Paharpur.

Who built Nalanda University?


Width 490 m (1,600 ft)
Area 12 ha (30 acres)
Builder King Kumaragupta I
Founded 5th century

How many rooms were in the Paharpur monastery?

It is interesting to note that over this floor ornamental pedestals were built in as many as 92 rooms.

Which are the two things that were discovered in Paharpur?

Inscriptions discovery of an inscribed copperplates and some stone inscriptions has helped us to determine the chronology of the different periods. The copperplates found in the northeast corner of the monastery is dated in 159 Gupta Era (479 AD).

What is Buddha Bihar?

Bihar is the land where Gautam Buddha began his search for answers to human suffering and found enlightenment. The legendary spiritual enlightenment site of the Buddha under the Mahabodhi Tree is now occupied by the Mahabodhi Temple, which attracts Buddhist pilgrims and travellers from around the world.

Who burnt Nalanda?

leader Bakhtiyar Khilji
The third and most destructive attack came when the ancient Nalanda University was destroyed by the Muslim army led by the Turkish leader Bakhtiyar Khilji in 1193. It is believed that Buddhism as a major religion in India had a setback for hundreds of years due to the loss of the religious texts during the attack.

Where was Lord Buddha born?

Lumbini Province, Nepal
Gautama Buddha/Place of birth

Why is the village named Paharpur?

It is in the midst of alluvial flat plain of northern Bangladesh. In contrast to the monotonous level of the plain, stands the ruins of the lofty (about 24m high from the surrounding level) ancient temple which was covered with jungle, locally called Pahar or hill from which the palace got the name of Paharpur.

Where is the Buddhist Vihara in Paharpur located?

The Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur comprise a Buddhist Monastery dating from the late 8th century. The site is located in Paharpur, in the northwest of Bangladesh. It is said to be the second largest single Buddhist monastery south of the Himalayas.

How long is it to get to Sompur Bihar from Dhaka?

Sompur Bihar at Paharpur is about 282 ;km by road from Dhaka and it will take about 6.5 hours to reach Paharpur by bus/taxi/private car if no major stops are made along the way. If one starts from Dhaka, the route shall be Dhaka – Savar – Chandra – Tangail – Jamuna Bridge – Naogaon – Badalgachhi – Paharpur.

How big is the Buddhist monastery in Paharpur?

The plan of the monastery can be described as a large square quadrangle measuring approximately 920 feet, with the main entrance, an elaborate structure, on the northern side. The outer walls of the monastery are formed by rows of cells that face inwards toward the main shrine in the centre of the courtyard.

Which is the best Buddhist Vihara in Bangladesh?

Somapura Mahavihara in Paharpur, Badalgachhi Upazila, Naogaon District, Bangladesh is among the best known Buddhist viharas in the Indian Subcontinent and is one of the most important archeological sites in the country. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.