Where is Martinique located in the Lesser Antilles?

It is directly north of St. Lucia, northwest of Barbados and south of Dominica . The total area of Martinique is 1,128 square kilometres (436 sq mi), of which 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi) is water and the rest land. Martinique is the 3rd largest island in The Lesser Antilles after Trinidad and Guadeloupe.

How many cantons are there in the island of Martinique?

Martinique is divided into four arrondissements and 34 communes. The 45 cantons were abolished in 2015. The four arrondissements of the island, with their respective locations, are as follows: Fort-de-France is the sole prefecture of Martinique. It takes up the central zone of the island. It includes four communes and sixteen cantons.

What is the country code for the island of Martinique?

The country code top-level domain for Martinique is .mq, but .fr is often used instead. The country code for international dialling is 596. The entire island uses a single area code (also 596) for landline phones and 696 for cell phones.

When did the Caribs come to the island of Martinique?

The island was occupied first by Arawaks, then by Caribs. The Carib people had migrated from the mainland to the islands about 1201 CE, according to carbon dating of artifacts. Martinique was charted by Columbus in 1493, but Spain had little interest in the territory.

Who was the leader of Martinique during World War 2?

During WWII, the pro-Nazi Vichy government controlled Martinique under Admiral Georges Robert (French admiral) [ fr]. German U-boats used Martinique for refuelling and re-supply during the Battle of the Caribbean. In 1942, 182 ships were sunk in the Caribbean, dropping to 45 in 1943, and five in 1944.

When did Jacques Dyel du Parquet become governor of Martinique?

D’Esnambuc died in 1636, leaving the company and Martinique in the hands of his nephew, Jacques Dyel du Parquet, who in 1637 became governor of the island. In 1636, in the first of many skirmishes, the indigenous Caribs rose against the settlers to drive them off the island.