When was the ERG theory developed?

Theory Development The ERG Theory was developed between 1961 and 1978, during which the theorist empirically tested data to hone the theory’s major tenets and published scholarly material, according to Alderfer (1989).

What are examples of Alderfer’s existence needs?


  • Existence Needs. Include all material and physiological desires (e.g., food, water, air, clothing, safety, physical love and affection).
  • Relatedness Needs.
  • Growth Needs.

Who came up with ERG theory?

Clayton Alderfer
Clayton Alderfer was an American psychologist who held academic posts at Yale and Rutger. He’s known for his study of workplace race relations – and for his rebuilding of Maslow’s famous pyramid. Let’s have a closer look at Alderfer’s motivational model, 1969’s ERG Theory.

What is Existence, Relatedness and Growth theory?

A theory of human motivation that focuses on three groups of needs that form a hierarchy: existence needs (physical and material wants); relatedness needs (the desire for interpersonal relationships and for deeper relationships with the important people in one’s life); and growth needs (desires to be creative and …

How did the ERG theory redefine Maslow’s theory?

Alderfer further developed Maslow’s hierarchy of needs by categorizing the hierarchy into his ERG theory (Existence, Relatedness and Growth). For example if self-esteem or self-actualization is not met then an individual will invest more effort in the relatedness category in the hopes of achieving the higher need.

Why is the ERG theory important?

The ERG theory allows the order of the needs be different for different people. The ERG theory acknowledges that if a higher level need remains unfulfilled, the person may regress to lower level needs that appear easier to satisfy.

What is ERG theory explain?

Alderfer’s ERG theory suggests that there are three groups of core needs: existence (E), relatedness (R), and growth (G)—hence the acronym ERG. These include what Maslow categorized as physiological needs (such as air, food, water, and shelter) and safety-related needs (such as health, secure employment, and property).

What does ERG stand for in ERG theory?

needs: Existence, Relatedness, and Growth
The letters ERG are an acronym for three levels of needs: Existence, Relatedness, and Growth. Like Maslow, Alderfer presented his theory in a hierarchy: Growth needs (development of competence and realization of potential)

What is the meaning of ERG theory?

ERG Theory Definition The ERG theory, proposed by Clayton Alderfer in 1969, seeks to rank human needs in a hierarchy. ERG stands for three need levels: Existence, Relatedness and Growth.

How does ERG theory differ from Maslow’s need theory?

The Differences Between Maslow’s Theory and the ERG Theory In other words, Maslow’s theory is that everyone’s needs progress through the specific five-level pyramid structure, whereas the ERG theory is that people satisfy their needs in different ways at different levels.

Why Alderfer’s ERG model is more useful than Maslow’s except?

Each of the following are considered to be reasons why Alderfer’s ERG model is more useful than Maslow’s EXCEPT: ERG does a better job of identifying different motivational categories. There is stronger evidence for three need categories and their order than for Maslow’s five need categories and their relative order.

What is ERG theory in psychology?

Alderfer’s ERG theory on employee motivation looks at three levels of need: Existence, Relatedness and Growth. The ERG theory is an adaptation of Maslow’s theory on the hierarchy of needs. One of the best known theories for understanding human psychological requirements is Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.

What is the importance of Alderfer’s ERG theory?

Alderfer’s ERG theory allows the order of the needs to differ for different people (e.g., it accounts for the “starving artist” who may place growth needs above existence ones). The ERG motivation theory work situations On a work level, this means that managers must recognize his employees’ multiple simultaneous needs.

What is ERG theory?

ERG Theory Definition: ERG Theory is a theory of human needs and motivation by Clayton P. Alderfer, in which he distinguishes three categories of human needs that influence worker’s behavior:

What is the ERG theory of motivation?

ERG theory of motivation is the condensed form of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. The theory was developed by Clayton Paul Alderfer, an American psychologist, and consultant, between the 60s and the 70s, based on the empirical study conducted at a factory in Easton, Pennsylvania. Maslow’s Hierarchy…