What is thermal oxide wafer?

In microfabrication, thermal oxidation is a way to produce a thin layer of oxide (usually silicon dioxide) on the surface of a wafer. The technique forces an oxidizing agent to diffuse into the wafer at high temperature and react with it. The rate of oxide growth is often predicted by the Deal–Grove model.

What processing step is used to deposit an oxide on a Si wafer?

Low pressure, high energy molecules collide, creating ions used to react with substrate surface atoms causing these atoms to break after from the substrate. Deposition is the fabrication process in which thin films of materials are deposited on a wafer.

What is thermal SiO2?

Thermal oxidation is the result of exposing a silicon wafer to a combination of oxidizing agents and heat to make a layer of silicon dioxide (SiO2). This layer is most commonly made with hydrogen and/or oxygen gas, although any halogen gas can be used.

Where the silicon wafers are placed in thermal oxidation process?

Thermal oxidation. In thermal oxidation, silicon wafers are oxidized in furnaces at about 1000 °C. The furnaces consist of a quartz tube in which the wafers are placed on a carrier made of quartz glass.

What is thermal oxidation process?

2.3. 1 Thermal Oxidation. Thermal oxidation is the process by which a film of silicon dioxide, SiO2, is grown on the surface of a silicon wafer. By grown we mean that the silicon in the film originates in the wafer bulk; in contrast, the silicon in deposited films originates from outside of the wafer.

What is the process of oxidation?

Oxidation is defined as a process in which an electron is removed from a molecule during a chemical reaction. What happens in oxidation? During oxidation, there is a transfer of electrons. In other words, during oxidation, there is a loss of electrons.

Why an oxide layer is deposited on a silicon wafer before deposition of metal layer?

This means that even at room temperature, or slightly higher temperatures as commonly found during deposition, the silicon surface will oxidize even though the exposure to oxygen occurs well below 850°C -900°C below which thermal oxidation is insignificant. This is why native oxides always form on SiO2.

What is the most common way to deposit silicon nitride in IC processing?

Among various fabrication techniques of silicon nitride films, chemical vapor deposition and sputtering are the most preferred methods for antireflective coating.

What is the purpose of SiO2 layer?

2.2. Silicon dioxide, SiO2, is an amorphous material used in microsystems as a dielectric in capacitors and transistors; as an insulator to isolate various electronic elements; and as a structural or sacrificial layer in many micromachining processes.

Do silicon wafers oxidize?

In this regard, oxidation of silicon occurs immediately to form amorphous silicon dioxide film by exposing a silicon surface to oxygen in atmospheric environment. Silicon dioxide is a dense material that fully covers the silicon wafer to prevent the inner silicon from further oxidation.

Which of the following is the result of oxidation of silicon wafer?

(c) Oxidation of the wafer produces silicon dioxide growth only where the nitride has been removed.

What is the oxidation number of SI?

Elemental silicon has a formal oxidation state of 0 .

How is thermal oxide formed on a silicon wafer?

Thermal oxide or silicon dioxide layer is formed on bare silicon surface at elevated temperature in the presence of an oxidant , the process is called thermal oxidation. Thermal oxide is normally grown in a horizontal tube furnace , at temperature range from 900°C ~ 1200°C , using either a “Wet” or “Dry” growth method .

Can you remove oxide from a silicon wafer?

Typically after thermal oxidation process , both front side and back side of silicon wafer have oxide layer . In case only one side oxide layer is required , we can remove back oxide and offer one side thermal oxide wafer for you .

What kind of glass is used in thermal oxide wafers?

Researchers from The Ohio State University have been using our thermal oxide (100) wafers and also used fluorine doped tin oxide FTO glass. Please send us your specs for an immediate quote!

How is a single wafer furnace used in thermal processing?

A resistively heated, vacuum and atmospheric pressure compatible, single wafer furnace (SWF) system is proposed to improve operational flexibility of conventional furnaces and productivity of single wafer rapid thermal processing (RTP) systems. The design concept and hardware configuration of the SWF system are described.