What is the purpose of epiploic foramen?

The epiploic foramen (also called the foramen of Winslow) is a passage between the greater sac (peritoneal cavity proper) and the lesser sac (omental bursa), allowing communication between these two spaces.

Where is the omental foramen located?

The omental foramen is a hole that can be found between the body’s stomach and liver. It is created by folds of the peritoneum, a thin layer of cells that lines the abdominal cavity. It is also known as the foramen of Winslow or the epiploic foramen.

What is foramen Winslow?

The foramen of Winslow is the only natural communication between the greater peritoneal cavity and the lesser sac. Also known as the epiploic foramen or the omental foramen, this small window was described by Jacob Winslow in his 1732 publication, Exposition anatomique de la structure du corps humain.

What are the boundaries of the epiploic foramen?

What are the boundaries of epiploic foramen?

  • Anteriorly: free edge of lesser omentum containing within its layers: Bile duct (in front and to the right) Hepatic artery (in front and to the left0.
  • Posteriorly: Inferior vena cava covered by peritoneum.
  • Superiorly: Caudate process of liver.
  • Inferiorly: 1st part of duodenum.

Is gallbladder intraperitoneal or retroperitoneal?

Intraperitoneal: peritonealized organs having a mesentery, such as the stomach, small intestine (jejunum and ileum), transverse colon, liver and gallbladder. Retroperitoneal: organs without a mesentery and associated with posterior body wall, such as the aorta, inferior vena cava, kidneys and suprarenal glands.

What is Porta in human body?

The porta hepatis is a deep fissure in the inferior surface of the liver through which all the neurovascular structures (except hepatic veins) and hepatic ducts enter or leave the liver 1. It runs in the hepatoduodenal ligament and contains: portal vein (posterior to both)

What is the omentum?

The Omentum is a large flat adipose tissue layer nestling on the surface of the intra-peritoneal organs. Besides fat storage, omentum has key biological functions in immune-regulation and tissue regeneration.

What is in the Hepatoduodenal ligament?

[7] The hepatoduodenal ligament has lymphatic pathways, which will flow into the Pecquet cistern at a sub-diaphragmatic level. It also has the name “pars tensa” of the small omentum; its thickness contains the portal triad, that is, the portal vein, the hepatic artery, and the common bile duct.

Is omental foramen the same as epiploic foramen?

Anatomical terminology In human anatomy, the omental foramen (epiploic foramen, foramen of Winslow after the anatomist Jacob B. Winslow, or uncommonly aditus; Latin: Foramen epiploicum), is the passage of communication, or foramen, between the greater sac (general cavity (of the abdomen)), and the lesser sac.

What is the greater sac?

In human anatomy, the greater sac, also known as the general cavity (of the abdomen) or peritoneum of the peritoneal cavity proper, is the cavity in the abdomen that is inside the peritoneum but outside of the lesser sac. …

What is the meaning of the Foramen epiploicum?

omental foramen the opening connecting the greater and the lesser peritoneal sacs, situated below and behind the porta hepatis; called also epiploic foramen. optic foramen optic canal. foramen ova´le. 1. the septal opening in the fetal heart that provides a communication between the atria; it normally closes at birth.

What is the definition of infarcted epiploic appendages?

Definition / general Infarction and subsequent fat necrosis of epiploic appendages (fat containing pouches of colonic peritoneum) that may remain attached or autoamputate and lie loose in the peritoneum

Which is the best treatment for epiploic appendagitis?

Epiploic appendagitis is self-limiting and can be managed conservatively with NSAIDs. Acute epiploic appendigitis is usually associated with obesity, hernia and unaccustomed exercise. The inflammation of the epiploic appendages normally resolves on its own for most patients.

Can A Peritoneal loose body result from epiploic appendagitis?

It is rare however possible for epiploic appendagitis to result in a peritoneal loose body. Peritoneal loose body is a free floating mass of dead fibrous tissue surrounded by several layers of calcification (deposit of calcium salts).