What is the major function of the cytochrome complex?
A cytochrome complex plays a key part in electron transport associated with the membranes of the thylakoids in the process of photosynthesis. It accepts electrons from Photosystem II through plastoquinone and contributes to proton transport across the membrane.
What is the function of cytochrome?
Cytochrome c is primarily known for its function in the mitochondria as a key participant in the life-supporting function of ATP synthesis. However, when a cell receives an apoptotic stimulus, cytochrome c is released into the cytosol and triggers programmed cell death through apoptosis.
What does cytochrome b do in the mitochondria?
Cytochrome B is the mitochondrial protein, which functions as part of the electron transport chain and is the main subunit of transmembrane cytochrome bc1 and b6f complexes affecting energy metabolism through oxidative phosphorylation.
Does Plastocyanin contain copper?
Plastocyanin is a copper-containing protein that mediates electron-transfer. It is found in a variety of plants, where it participates in photosynthesis. The protein is a prototype of the blue copper proteins, a family of intensely blue-colored metalloproteins.
Where is the cytochrome complex found?
The cytochrome b6f complex (plastoquinol—plastocyanin reductase; EC 1.10. 99.1) is an enzyme found in the thylakoid membrane in chloroplasts of plants, cyanobacteria, and green algae, that catalyzes the transfer of electrons from plastoquinol to plastocyanin.
Where is the cytochrome complex located?
inner mitochondrial membrane
Mitochondrial cytochrome c release regulates signaling pathway. The cytochrome complex is a small, loosely associated hemeprotein found within the inner mitochondrial membrane. In 1995, Wang’s laboratory set out to study caspase activation mechanisms using a biochemical approach in vitro.
What are cytochromes and what is their purpose?
cytochrome, any of a group of hemoprotein cell components that, by readily undergoing reduction and oxidation (gain and loss of electrons) with the aid of enzymes, serve a vital function in the transfer of energy within cells..
What is cytochrome system?
any of a series of compound molecules, consisting of a protein and a porphyrin ring, that participate in cell respiration by the stepwise transfer of electrons, each cytochrome alternately accepting and releasing an electron at a lower energy level. 
What cytochrome means?
cytochrome, any of a group of hemoprotein cell components that, by readily undergoing reduction and oxidation (gain and loss of electrons) with the aid of enzymes, serve a vital function in the transfer of energy within cells. Hemoproteins are proteins linked to a nonprotein, iron-bearing component.
What is cytochrome b light marker?
The mitochondrial cytochrome b (cyt-b) gene is widely used in systematic studies to resolve divergences at many taxonomic levels. The present study focuses mainly on the utility of cyt-b as a molecular marker for inferring phylogenetic relationship at various levels within the fish family Cichlidae.
Is plastocyanin a Proton carrier?
Electrons from photosystem 2 reduce a number of intermediate electron carriers, such as plastoquinone (PQ), the cytochrome b/f complex (including the Rieske iron–sulfur center), and plastocyanin (PC). This proton shuttle is driven by photosynthetic electron transport.
Is plastocyanin a mobile electron carrier?
For thylakoid membranes of higher plants, a long-standing question has been which of the two mobile electron carriers, plastoquinone or plastocyanin, mediates electron transport from stacked grana thylakoids where photosystem II (PSII) is localized to distant unstacked regions of the thylakoids that harbor PSI.
What does cytochrome c group mean?
Cytochrome c is a component of the electron transport chain in mitochondria . The heme group of cytochrome c accepts electrons from the bc 1 complex and transfers electrons to the complex IV. Cytochrome c is also involved in initiation of apoptosis.
What is the function of cytochrome c?
Cytochrome c is known to play a role in the electron transport chain and cell apoptosis. However, a recent study has shown that it can also act as an antioxidative enzyme in the mitochondria; and it does so by removing superoxide (O 2–) and hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2) from mitochondria.
What is the importance of cytochrome c?
Cytochrome c is primarily known as an electron-carrying mitochondrial protein. The transition of cytochrome c between the ferrous and ferric states within the cell, makes it an efficient biological electron-transporter and it plays a vital role in cellular oxidations in both plants and animals.