- 1 What is the difference between Konjunktiv 1 and 2?
- 2 How do you use Konjunktiv I?
- 3 How do you form Konjunktiv 2?
- 4 What is Konjunktiv II in English?
- 5 How is the Perfekt of Konjunktiv I constructed?
- 6 When do you use Konjunktiv II in German?
What is the difference between Konjunktiv 1 and 2?
Konjunktiv I is used for the 2nd and 3rd person singular and 2nd person plural, the Konjunktiv II for the 1st person singular and the 1st and 3rd person plural to avoid confusion. We can also use the Konjunktiv II to express a wish or desire, to make conditional sentences or to make special, polite phrases.
How do you use Konjunktiv I?
We use the Konjunktiv I primarily for indirect speech, for example: Mein Bruder sagt, er komme später….Konjunktiv I is also used in some specific idioms, for example:
- Es lebe der König! (Long live the king!)
- Gott sei dank! (Thank God!)
- Ruhe in Frieden.
- Man nehme 150 Gramm Mehl für den Teig.
How do you use Konjunktiv in German?
We can use the subjunctive mood, Konjunktiv in German, to express unreal situations such as wishes, hypothetical situations and unreal conditional clauses, or to repeating what people say in indirect speech.
How do you use Konjunktiv II?
The Konjunktiv II You use it when using Konjunktiv I is ambiguous, meaning the verb would be the same as another form of the verb. It can also sometimes be used to express imaginary situations, dreams, suggestions, and recommendations. For example: Wenn ich gut Deutsch sprechen könnte, redete ich die ganze Zeit.
What is the difference between Indikativ and Konjunktiv?
Indikativ is stating a fact. Konjunktiv is used to state what you wish or what should be. However, Konjunktiv I is today mostly used to give a report on what someone else said without giving judgemet about the truth of this statement.
What is the use of Konjunktiv 1?
The special subjunctive, also called subjunctive 1 or present subjunctive (Konjunktiv I), is primarily used in newspaper articles and reports when statements are repeated as indirect speech. The special subjunctive is also used in certain idiomatic expressions.
How do you form Konjunktiv 2?
Konjunktiv II in the past tense is built with haben or sein in Konjunktiv II present + Partizip II, Futur I is built with the verb würde in Konjunktiv II + infinitive, and Future II is made with verb würde in Konjunktiv II + participle II + haben or sein in infinitive.
What is Konjunktiv II in English?
In German, the subjunctive is called the Konjunktiv and there are two of them. Konjunktiv II is where the magic happens. This mood, much as in English, gives you the ability to create hypothetical situations, express doubt over an idea and wish yourself into anything you want to be.
What is Konjunktiv II used for?
The Konjunktiv II is a verb form that you will mostly find in indirect speech. You use it when using Konjunktiv I is ambiguous, meaning the verb would be the same as another form of the verb. It can also sometimes be used to express imaginary situations, dreams, suggestions, and recommendations.
How do you use als ob in German?
In German, “as if” clauses are expressed by als ob or als wenn or als followed by the subjunctive form of the verb. For example, Das Kind sieht aus, als ob es krank wäre. The child looks as if it were ill.
What is Indikativ and Konjunktiv?
Indikativ is stating a fact. Konjunktiv is used to state what you wish or what should be.
What is the difference between Präteritum and Konjunktiv 2?
The present form of the Konjunktiv II will be the same as the simple past tense (Präteritum) for regular verbs and is used mostly for auxiliary verbs and modal verbs.
How is the Perfekt of Konjunktiv I constructed?
The Perfekt of “Konjunktiv I” is constructed like this: Verb sein or haben in the present of subjunctive I + Participle II. The conjugation of Futur I in “Konjunktiv I” is: The verb werden in the subjunctive I present + the infinitive.
When do you use Konjunktiv II in German?
The Konjunktiv II in the present form is mostly used with auxiliary verbs ( hätte, wäre, würde) and modal verbs. For regular verbs, it is the same as the preterite (simple past tense) and for irregular verbs it has the endings -e, -est, -e, -en, -et, -en and an Umlaut (vowel mutation) if they have the vovel a, o or u in their stem.
Is the Konjunktiv I the same as the indicative?
Konjunktiv I exists in the following verb tenses: As an example, let’s check out the verb malen (to paint): You can see that the persons ich, wir and sie are the same as the Indikativ. Depending on the verb stem (for example, if the stem ends with -t, such as arbeiten), it is possible that the forms du and ihr also are the same as the indicative.
When to use Dass instead of Konjunktiv I?
If you use the particle “dass”, it is correct if the subordinate clause is in the indicative instead of Konjunktiv I: If the Konjunktiv I is the same in the Indikativ (something that happens quite often), usually the Konjunktiv II is used in place of Konjunktiv I for indirect speech.