What is a T4 paraplegic?
So for example, complete injury to spinal nerves at the T4 bone is known as T4 paraplegia. The same applies below this in the lumbar region, where the first vertebra is called the L1 running downwards to L5, and then below this again in the sacral region (S1 to S5).
Can you recover from a T4 injury?
It is possible for some people to recover some function up to 18 months after the injury. However, many people will experience a permanent loss of function that requires long-term care.
What does T4 vertebrae control?
The T4 vertebra has nerves controlling the gallbladder and common duct, though it does affect the lungs and bronchial tubes additionally. As a result, T4 pain symptoms can show themselves through gallbladder trouble, gallstones, and jaundice.
What does transection of the spinal cord mean?
Spinal cord transection is a complete interruption of white matter tracts, segmental gray matter, and associated nerve roots in the spinal cord at any point between the cervicomedullary junction and tip of the conus medullaris. It compromises normal blood supply and cerebrospinal fluid circulation.
What is T4 spinal cord injury?
The T4 spinal nerves directly affect sensation around the 4th intercostal space (the area between your 4th and 5th rib), which is generally level with the nipples. Therefore, depending on the severity of their injury, someone with a T4 spinal cord injury may not be able to feel or move anything from their chest down.
What is a C4 spinal cord injury?
A C4 spinal cord injury occurs when damage is dealt about mid-way down the cervical spinal cord — the topmost portion of the spinal cord that is located in the neck and upper shoulders.
What is T4 syndrome explain in detail?
What are the symptoms of T4 syndrome? Diffuse arm pain, pins and needles and numbness in the arm are common symptoms of T4 syndrome. This is because the nerves at the T4 level supply specific areas of the arm. You may also experience these symptoms in the neck, upper back and chest region.
Where is T4 in the spine?
The fourth thoracic vertebra, known as the T4 vertebra, is located in the upper region of the middle back and plays an important role in supporting the rib cage. The thoracic spine is relatively stable compared to the cervical (upper) and lumbar (lower) spinal regions because most of it is fixed to the ribcage.
What is a transection injury?
Spinal cord transection, as the name implies, refers to a tear within the spinal cord as a result of a significant traumatic injury. It is an important radiological finding that can influence the decision on potential surgery in the setting of spinal trauma.
What does transection mean?
n. A cross section along a long axis. Division by cutting across.
What does C3 and C4 control?
The C2 dermatome handles sensation for the upper part of the head, and the C3 dermatome covers the side of the face and back of the head. (C1 does not have a dermatome.) C4 helps control upward shoulder movements.
What nerves are affected by T4?
It is thought that the T4 syndrome is a complex autonomic sympathetic dysregulation with its origin in the upper thoracic spine. Patients can have different symptoms in their hands, headache and also thoracic and/or neck pain.