What antibiotics cover Achromobacter?

Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, ceftazidime, piperacillin, and carbapenems are the most active agents against Achromobacter isolates.

What is Achromobacter pneumonia?

Achromobacter xylosoxidans, subspecies denitrificans, is a gram-negative rod recently implicated as an emerging cause of infection in both immunosuppressed and immunocompetent populations. Few cases are reported in literature involving multiple body systems.

How is Achromobacter Xylosoxidans treated?

Is Achromobacter an Enterobacteriaceae?

Achromobacter is a genus of bacteria, included in the family Alcaligenaceae in the order Burkholderiales. The cells are Gram-negative straight rods and are motile by using one to 20 peritrichous flagella….

Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Betaproteobacteria
Order: Burkholderiales

Is Achromobacter anaerobic?

Achromobacteria are ubiquitous, lactose- nonfermenting, gram-negative bacilli found in aquatic environments and soil. Although classified as aerobic organisms, Achromobacter species may also thrive in anaerobic environments.

What kind of infections can Achromobacter xylosoxidans cause?

Achromobacter xylosoxidans can cause infections such as bacteremia, especially in patients with cystic fibrosis. In 2013, the complete genome of an A. xylosoxidans strain from a patient with cystic fibrosis was sequenced. A. xylosoxidans is a Gram-negative rod that does not form spores.

What kind of infections can ertapenem be used for?

What is ertapenem? Ertapenem is an antibiotic that fights bacteria. Ertapenem is used to treat severe infections of the skin, lungs, stomach, pelvis, and urinary tract. It is also used to prevent infection in people having certain types of surgery.

What kind of resistance does Achromobacter have to penicillin?

Achromobacter clinical isolates demonstrate broad multidrug resistance, though not uniformly. Aside from β-lactamases and penicillin binding protein production, many clinical A. xylosoxidans strains contain genes encoding aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes conferring resistance to tobramycin and gentamycin (58).

Why are achromobacters found in the nosocomial setting?

These characteristics allow Achromobacter species to survive and flourish in environments inhospitable to other organisms, and may help explain why the genus is increasingly found in the nosocomial setting.