What aircraft used JT8D engines?

Boeing 727
The Pratt & Whitney JT8D is a low-bypass (0.96 to 1) turbofan engine introduced by Pratt & Whitney in February 1963 with the inaugural flight of the Boeing 727….Pratt & Whitney JT8D.

First run 1960
Major applications Boeing 727 Boeing 737-100/-200 McDonnell Douglas DC-9 McDonnell Douglas MD-80
Number built 14,750

What type of compressor is used by the JT8D engine?

The engine has low-pressure compressor (LPC) stages, high pressure compressor (HPC) stages, a single HP turbine (HPT), and finally three LPT stages. The exergetic assessment of the JT8D turbofan components provided here should be helpful for designing turbofan engines.

What engines does Pratt and Whitney make?

Pratt & Whitney’s military engines include the F135 engine for the 5th generation F-35 Lightning II, the F119 for the F-22 Raptor, the F100 family that powers the F-15 and F-16, the F117 for the C-17 Globemaster III, the J52 for the EA-6B Prowler, the TF33 powering AWACS, Joint STARS, B-52, and KC-135 aircraft, as well …

What is a turbo jet aircraft?

The turbojet is an airbreathing jet engine, typically used in aircraft. It consists of a gas turbine with a propelling nozzle. The gas turbine has an air inlet, a compressor, a combustion chamber, and a turbine (that drives the compressor). Turbojets can be highly efficient for supersonic aircraft.

What does the J stand for when referring to the j79 engine?

J-Turbojet. TF-Turbofan. T-Turboshaft or Turboprop. What type of engine is represented by an “X” in the two-digit system? Experimental.

Who makes military jet engines?

The Top 4 Global Military Aircraft Engine Manufacturers, 2019: Pratt & Whitney, GE Aviation, Rolls Royce, Safran (Comparative SWOT Analysis & Business Outlook to 2022) – ResearchAndMarkets.com.

Who makes the best jet engine?

GE Aviation
Table 2: Top Commercial Aircraft Engine Manufacturers According to North American Market Share*

Company Engines Produced Worldwide
1 CFM International 21,622
2 GE Aviation 11,227
3 Pratt & Whitney 3,669
4 Rolls-Royce 5,606

Can turbofans go supersonic?

Turbofans can tolerate supersonic speeds because the intake creates constant flow conditions irrespective of flight speed. Efficiency for propellers and fan blades is highest at subsonic flow conditions.

Why do turbofans have so many blades?

So a turbofan gets some of its thrust from the core and some of its thrust from the fan. Because the fan is enclosed by the inlet and is composed of many blades, it can operate efficiently at higher speeds than a simple propeller.

How many rpm does a jet engine do?

For example, large jet engines operate around 10,000–25,000 rpm, while micro turbines spin as fast as 500,000 rpm.

Why are jet engines not used in cars?

The main uses for gas turbines are in aviation and power generation. Aviation uses gas turbines for their high power to weight ratio. Power generation uses gas turbines for their high reliability / low maintenance, high maximum power and low capital cost. There is absolutely no reason to use gas turbines in cars.

What was the maximum thrust of the JT8D engine?

The original 1960 version of the JT8D produced only 14,000 lbf at most, with later iterations resulting in the JT8D-219 which could produce 21,700 lbf at maximum thrust. The engine ran a moderate for the time thrust specific fuel consumption of 0.73 lb/lbf/hr.

How many Pratt and Whitney JT8D engines are there?

Once deemed the workhorse of the industry, more than 14,750 JT8D engines have flown. Today, there are 2,400 engines still in use. The eight models that make up the JT8D family cover a thrust range from 14,000 to 17,000 pounds.

What was the fan pressure on the JT8D?

The fan pressure ratio for the JT8D would range between 1.9 and 2.2 while the overall pressure ratio through the entire original engine was 15.4. The overall performance varied by year, with Pratt & Whitney making improvements on the base design as time progressed.

Is the McDonnell Douglas JT8D still in use?

Despite losing Boeing as a narrowbody engine supplier, the JT8D continued to dominate the skies. The previously mounted models coupled with new designs such as the Dassault Mercure and all variants of the McDonnell-Douglas MD-80. By this point the engine was reaching its final variation, with the JT8D-200 model being applied to the MD-80 fleet.