Is Hoxha a common name in Albania?

Hoxha (pronounced [ˈhɔdʒa]) is an Albanian surname, derived from the Persian title khawaja (“master”) via Turkish hoca. It is the most common surname in Albania. “Hoxha” could refer to several people: Enver Hoxha (1908–1985), Communist leader of Albania in 1944–1985.

Who is Mrs Hoxha?

Nexhmije Hoxha (Albanian pronunciation: [nɛdʒˈmijɛ ˈhɔdʒa]; née Xhuglini; 8 February 1921 – 26 February 2020) was an Albanian communist politician, for many years she was the spouse of Enver Hoxha, the first leader of the Socialist People’s Republic of Albania and the First Secretary of the Party of Labour of Albania.

What is the most common Albanian last name?


Rank Surname Note
* Hoxha a Muslim priest, Sunni or Bektashi, with its variant Hoxhaj
* Prifti a Christian priest, Catholic or Orthodox
* Shehu a Bektashi priest
* Dervishi Bektashi clergy

Why do Albanian names end in AJ?

Surnames. Many surnames in Albania have Islamic and Christian roots. Common last name endings include -aj, as well as common definite Albanian nominative singular endings: hence -i for originally masculine last names except for those previously ending in k, g, h or i, which have -u added; or -a/-ja for feminine names.

How many people did Enver Hoxha killed?

Out of a population of one million, 28,000 were killed, 12,600 wounded, 10,000 were made political prisoners in Italy and Germany, and 35,000 made to do forced labour; of the 2,500 towns and villages of Albania, 850 were ruined or razed to the ground; all the communications, all the ports, mines and electric power …

Was Hoxha a communist?

As ardent a nationalist as he was a communist, Hoxha excoriated any communist state that threatened his power or the sovereignty of Albania. In 1948 he broke relations with Yugoslavia and formed an alliance with the Soviet Union.

How long was Enver Hoxha a dictator?

During his 40-year rule, he rebuilt the country, which was left in ruins after World War II, building Albania’s first railway line, raising the adult literacy rate from 5% to more than 90%, wiping out epidemics, electrifying the country and leading Albania towards agricultural independence.

How many people did Enver Hoxha execute?

The People’s Republic of Albania executed 22 intellectuals without trial on 26 February 1951, as ordered by Enver Hoxha….1951 executions in Albania.

Massacre of 1951 in Albania
Attack type Massacre
Deaths 22
Injured Mehmet Shehu (lightly injured) during interrogation
Perpetrators Communists, notably Enver Hoxha and Mehmet Shehu

How do you pronounce nexhmije Hoxha?

In the decades after the war, Nexhmije Hoxha (pronounced nedge-MEE-yah HOH-jah) was a top Communist official in her own right in her small mountainous Balkan nation, Europe’s most secretive and poorest country.

What name means love in Albanian?

Edon: Edon is both saucy and robust, a rare combination in Albanian names. It is derived from the word dua, and means ‘he loves’ in the Albanian language.