How do I write an if statement in SQL Server?

Any T-SQL statement can be executed conditionally using IF… ELSE. If the condition evaluates to True, then T-SQL statements followed by IF condition in SQL server will be executed. If the condition evaluates to False, then T-SQL statements followed by ELSE keyword will be executed.

How use IIF condition in SQL?

SQL Server IIF() Function

  1. Return “YES” if the condition is TRUE, or “NO” if the condition is FALSE:
  2. Return 5 if the condition is TRUE, or 10 if the condition is FALSE:
  3. Test whether two strings are the same and return “YES” if they are, or “NO” if not:

What is IIF SQL Server?

IIF is a shorthand way for writing a CASE expression. It evaluates the Boolean expression passed as the first argument, and then returns either of the other two arguments based on the result of the evaluation.

Does SQL have if statements?

IF statements can be used to conditionally enter into some logic based on the status of a condition being satisfied. The IF statement supports the use of optional ELSE IF clauses and a default ELSE clause. An END IF clause is required to indicate the end of the statement.

How do I write if else in MySQL?

The syntax for the IF-THEN-ELSE statement in MySQL is: IF condition1 THEN {… statements to execute when condition1 is TRUE…} [ ELSEIF condition2 THEN {…

How do I use IIF?

You can use IIf anywhere you can use expressions. You use IIf to determine if another expression is true or false. If the expression is true, IIf returns one value; if it is false, IIf returns another….IIf Function.

Argument Description
falsepart Required. Value or expression returned if expr is False.

What does if mean in SQL?

MySQL IF() Function The IF() function returns a value if a condition is TRUE, or another value if a condition is FALSE.

How does if work in SQL?

The MySQL IF() function is used for validating a condition. The IF() function returns a value if the condition is TRUE and another value if the condition is FALSE. The MySQL IF() function can return values that can be either numeric or strings depending upon the context in which the function is used.

Can we use else if in SQL?

When the condition in the IF clause evaluates to FALSE and you want to execute another statement block, you can use the ELSE clause. Each IF statement has a condition. If the condition evaluates to TRUE then the statement block in the IF clause is executed.

Can you nest if statements in SQL?

A nested if-then is an if statement that is the target of another if statement. Nested if-then statements mean an if statement inside another if statement. Yes, PL/SQL allows us to nest if statements within if-then statements. i.e, we can place an if then statement inside another if then statement.

Can we use if condition in select statement?

Isn’t this good enough for T-SQL? This isn’t what the requester wanted, but is very useful to know that you can use if statements outside a select statement. EXISTS is good because it kicks out of the search loop if item is found. A COUNT runs until the end of table rows.

What are the syntax rules for SQL?

SQL is followed by a unique set of rules and guidelines called Syntax. This tutorial gives you a quick start with SQL by listing all the basic SQL Syntax. All the SQL statements start with any of the keywords like SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, ALTER, DROP, CREATE, USE, SHOW and all the statements end with a semicolon (;).

Where does syntax SQL?

SQL: WHERE Clause Description. Syntax. DDL/DML for Examples. Example – One Condition in the WHERE Clause. Example – Two Conditions in the WHERE Clause (AND Condition) You can use the AND condition in the WHERE clause to specify more than 1 condition that must be met

What is the syntax of SQL?

SQL is a declarative language, therefore, its syntax reads like a natural language. An SQL statement begins with a verb that describes the action, for example, SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE. Following the verb are the subject and predicate. A predicate specifies conditions that can be evaluated as true, false, or unknown.

What is SELECT query in SQL?

SQL – SELECT Query. The SQL SELECT statement is used to fetch the data from a database table which returns this data in the form of a result table. These result tables are called result-sets.