Who were the Loyalists in Ireland?

The term loyalist was first used in Irish politics in the 1790s to refer to Protestants who opposed Catholic Emancipation and Irish independence from Great Britain. Ulster loyalism emerged in the late 19th century, in response to the Irish Home Rule movement and the rise of Irish nationalism.

Are loyalist paramilitaries still active?

Although many are not active, sources say they are still “card carrying” members. Last month, the Independent Reporting Commission (IRC) warned paramilitary groups still pose a “clear and present danger” to Northern Ireland.

Is Ulster Catholic or Protestant?

It is the second-largest (after Munster) and second-most populous (after Leinster) of Ireland’s four provinces, with Belfast being its biggest city. Unlike the other provinces, Ulster has a high percentage of Protestants, making up almost half of its population.

Are unionists Catholic or Protestant?

Catholic Unionist is a term historically used for a Catholic in Ireland who supported the Union which formed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and subsequently used to describe Catholics who support the Union between Northern Ireland and Great Britain.

Who are the patriots and Loyalists?

Loyalist- a colonist who supported the crown/king of England • Patriot- a colonist who rejected British rule over the colonies during the American Revolution Activity: 1.

What did the Loyalists believe?

Loyalists wanted to pursue peaceful forms of protest because they believed that violence would give rise to mob rule or tyranny. They also believed that independence would mean the loss of economic benefits derived from membership in the British mercantile system. Loyalists came from all walks of life.

What is a UVF death squad?

The Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) is an Ulster loyalist paramilitary group. The UVF’s declared goals were to combat Irish republicanism – particularly the Irish Republican Army (IRA) – and to maintain Northern Ireland’s status as part of the United Kingdom. It was responsible for more than 500 deaths.

What religion are Irish loyalists?

Unionists and loyalists, who for historical reasons were mostly Ulster Protestants, wanted Northern Ireland to remain within the United Kingdom. Irish nationalists and republicans, who were mostly Irish Catholics, wanted Northern Ireland to leave the United Kingdom and join a united Ireland.

Why is it called the Red Hand of Ulster?

‘Red Hand’ as a byname It signified that they were a great warrior, their hand being red with the blood of their enemies. The ancient Irish god Nuada Airgetlám (Nuada the silver-handed) was also known by the alias Nuada Derg Lamh, the red-handed, amongst other aliases.

Are Irish Protestants really Irish?

To the Editor: The five million Catholics of England, Scotland and Wales may have had Irish ancestors, but today they see themselves as Britons, just as those whose ancestors emigrated to the United States see themselves as Americans. …

Can you be Catholic and a unionist?

A Catholic Unionist is an Irish Roman Catholic who supports continuing ties between Northern Ireland and Great Britain, or previously one who supported the Union which created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, in opposition to Irish home rule.

What’s the difference between unionists and nationalists?

Unionists are predominantly Ulster Protestant, most of whom belong to the Presbyterian Church in Ireland and the Church of Ireland. Irish nationalists are almost wholly Roman Catholic.

Who are the loyalist militant groups in Ireland?

The Loyalist Communities Council (LCC), which says it speaks for the Ulster Volunteer Force, Red Hand Commando and Ulster Defence Association militant groups, said it was not involved in the riots and it called for calm. However it warned in a statement that border arrangements with EU-member Ireland must be negotiated.

How did Ulster loyalism lead to the partition of Ireland?

Ulster loyalism. While some Irish Catholics were also unionist, loyalism emphasized a Protestant and British heritage. These movements led to the partition of Ireland in 1921; most of Ireland became an independent state, while about two-thirds of Ulster remained within the United Kingdom as a self-governing territory called Northern Ireland.

Are there any loyalist parades in Northern Ireland?

In Northern Ireland there is a long tradition of militaristic loyalist Protestant marching bands. There are hundreds of such bands who hold numerous parades each year. The yearly Eleventh Night (11 July) bonfires and The Twelfth (12 July) parades are strongly associated with loyalism.

What was the role of loyalist paramilitaries in the troubles?

During the conflict, loyalist paramilitaries such as the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) and Ulster Defence Association (UDA) often attacked Catholics in retaliation for republican paramilitary actions. Loyalists undertook major protest campaigns against the 1973 Sunningdale Agreement and 1985 Anglo-Irish Agreement.