## When can odds ratio approximates relative risk?

The odds ratio is then defined as the odds of the outcome in the treated patients divided by the odds of the outcome in the untreated patients. In an RCT or cohort study, however, the odds ratio only approximates the risk ratio if the outcome is rare or if the odds ratio is close to 1.

Can odds ratio estimate relative risk?

The odds ratio only gives an estimate of the relative risk if the outcome is a low probability outcome. (Same insight as Poisson approximation to the binomial distribution).

### What is the relationship between relative risk and association?

Absolute Differences. Relative risk comparisons and risk differences provide two different perspectives on the same information. Relative risk, i.e., risk ratios, rate ratios, and odds ratios, provide a measure of the strength of the association between a factor and a disease or outcome.

Why is the relative risk and odds ratio almost equal?

If there’s absolutely no difference between the groups in the probability of an outcome, then both the OR and the RR are 1.0. That’s the only situation in which they can be exactly equal.

## What is the difference between odds ratio and hazard ratio?

In logistic regression, an odds ratio of 2 means that the event is 2 time more probable given a one-unit increase in the predictor. In Cox regression, a hazard ratio of 2 means the event will occur twice as often at each time point given a one-unit increase in the predictor.

Is relative risk and risk ratio the same?

A risk ratio (RR), also called relative risk, compares the risk of a health event (disease, injury, risk factor, or death) among one group with the risk among another group.

### What is the difference between odds and odds ratio?

Odds are the probability of an event occurring divided by the probability of the event not occurring. An odds ratio is the odds of the event in one group, for example, those exposed to a drug, divided by the odds in another group not exposed.

Are odds ratio and risk ratio the same?

Odds Ratios and Relative Risks are often confused despite being unique concepts. The basic difference is that the odds ratio is a ratio of two odds (yep, it’s that obvious) whereas the relative risk is a ratio of two probabilities. (The relative risk is also called the risk ratio). Let’s look at an example.

## Which is better odds ratio or relative risk?

A relative risk or odds ratio greater than one indicates an exposure to be harmful, while a value less than one indicates a protective effect. RR = 1.2 means exposed people are 20% more likely to be diseased, RR = 1.4 means 40% more likely. OR = 1.2 means that the odds of disease is 20% higher in exposed people.

Is hazard ratio and relative risk the same thing?

Hazard ratio is frequently interpreted as risk ratio (or relative risk), but they are not technically the same. However, if that helps you to understand hazard ratio then it is OK. In contrast, hazard ratio takes account not only of the total number of events, but also of the timing of each event.

### Is risk ratio the same as odds ratio?

The relative risk (RR), also sometimes known as the risk ratio, compares the risk of exposed and unexposed subjects, while the odds ratio (OR) compares odds. A relative risk or odds ratio greater than one indicates an exposure to be harmful, while a value less than one indicates a protective effect.

How do you calculate relative risk ratio?

Relative Risk is calculated by dividing the probability of an event occurring for group 1 (A) divided by the probability of an event occurring for group 2 (B). Relative Risk is very similar to Odds Ratio, however, RR is calculated by using percentages, whereas Odds Ratio is calculated by using the ratio of odds.

## When to use relative risk?

Relative Risk (RR) is often used when the study involves comparing the likelihood, or chance, of an event occurring between two groups . Relative Risk is considered a descriptive statistic, not an inferential statistic; as it does not determine statistical significance.

What does relative risk tell us?

Relative risk is the number that tells you how much something you do, such as maintaining a healthy weight, can change your risk compared to your risk if you’re very overweight. Relative risk can be expressed as a percentage decrease or a percentage increase.

### What is the difference between risk and odds?

“Risk” refers to the probability of occurrence of an event or outcome. Statistically, risk = chance of the outcome of interest/all possible outcomes. The term “odds” is often used instead of risk. “Odds” refers to the probability of occurrence of an event/probability of the event not occurring.