- 1 What is the one step growth curve?
- 2 What is one step growth experiment and mention the importance of this experiment?
- 3 Which broth is used in one step growth curve for determination of virus titre?
- 4 What is the next phase of the phage growth curve?
What is the one step growth curve?
One-step growth curves are used to make determinations about the life cycle of a virus on a particular host. By following a virus infection during one life cycle phase of host a growth curve can be constructed and the burst size can be calculated.
What is one step growth curve of bacteriophage?
The one-step multiplication curve for a bacteriophage population follows three steps: 1) inoculation, during which the virions attach to host cells; 2) eclipse, during which entry of the viral genome occurs; and 3) burst, when sufficient numbers of new virions are produced and emerge from the host cell.
What is one step growth experiment?
The “One Step Growth” experiment allows the calculation of both the duration of the different phases (see above) and the yield of the viral cycle (also known as burst size, that is, the number of virions produced by each infected cell).
How is viral one step growth carried out?
A suspension of bacteria was mixed with enough viruses to ensure that a virus attached to each host cell. Free viruses were removed, and at periodic intervals thereafter aliquots were withdrawn and subjected to plaque assay (q.v.). The number of plaques per aliquot remained constant for an initial period of time.
What is one step growth experiment and mention the importance of this experiment?
In 1 collection. The life cycle of phages can be characterized by one-step growth experiments, which are designed in a way that allows only a single infection cycle to take place (i.e., no re-infections occurring by phages produced during the experiment).
What is one-step growth experiment and mention the importance of this experiment?
What is occurring during the eclipse period of a one step growth curve?
The eclipse period refers to the time between viral attachment and the assembly of the first progeny phage. It is during this period that replication and assembly of the phages is occurring. Cells must be artificially lysed to determine when the earliest infectious particles appear.
Which broth is used in one step growth curve for determination of virus titre?
Note: Depending on the host bacterial strain and the bacteriophage, a different a liquid medium may be more suitable for the initial culturing of the host bacterial strain or a different solid medium may be more suitable for subsequent growth. Lysogeny broth (LB) is used in this protocol for the broth and the agar.
How do you calculate CFU ml?
- To find out the number of CFU/ ml in the original sample, the number of colony forming units on the countable plate is multiplied by 1/FDF. This takes into account all of the dilution of the original sample.
- 200 CFU x 1/1/4000 = 200 CFU x 4000 = 800000 CFU/ml = 8 x 10.
- CFU/ml in the original sample.
When to use the one step growth curve?
Application of One step growth curve 1 It employed procedures that are still used today to culture and enumerate viruses, and it ushered in the modern era of phage biology. 2 Used to construct the growth curve of phage from laboratory data and determine its burst size. 3 To identify the phases of a phage growth curve.
Why is the one step growth experiment called that?
In one step growth experiment, only a single or one cycle of virus growth is observed, that’s why it’s termed as one step growth experiment. The infection is synchronous because an excess amounts of host cells are released to infect with phage particles.
What is the next phase of the phage growth curve?
The next phase is called the maturation or release stage (similar to the log phase in bacteria) when new phage particles are assembled and released. The cycle can then start over with the infection of new cells. In this manner, the shape of the curve would look step-wise and that is why the process is called “one-step phage growth curve”.
How is the growth curve of a bacteria determined?
This produces clear zone in the bacterial lawn known as plaque. Each plaque originates from a single phage particle. If the number of phage particles was monitored during growth, a growth curve could be drawn which would be similar to that of the bacterial growth curve except in the last stage.