What is the history of the Peloponnesian War and why is it important?

The two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta, went to war with each other from 431 to 405 B.C. The Peloponnesian War marked a significant power shift in ancient Greece, favoring Sparta, and also ushered in a period of regional decline that signaled the end of what is considered the Golden Age …

Why was the history of the Peloponnesian War written?

In the first sentence of his History of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides wrote that he began writing about the war because he believed “it would be a great war, and more worthy of relation than any other that had preceded it.” He went on to identify what he believed to be the “real cause” of the war.

How do you quote Thucydides?

by (City of publication: Publisher, Year of publication), Page number, Database Name. 2. Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, Volume 1, trans.

Why did the Spartans won the Peloponnesian War?

Sparta and her allies won the Peloponnesian Wars due to the strength of the Spartan military, poor Athenian choices made in battle, and the physical state of Athens by the end of the war. But, Athens could not compare with Sparta in terms of military power.

What is the line of Greek painting?

The famous and distinctive style of Greek vase-painting with figures depicted with strong outlines, with thin lines within the outlines, reached its peak from about 600 to 350 BC, and divides into the two main styles, almost reversals of each other, of black-figure and red-figure painting, the other colour forming the …

What did Sparta gain from the Peloponnesian War?

Sparta. As a result of the Peloponnesian War, Sparta, which had primarily been a continental culture, became a naval power. At its peak, Sparta overpowered many key Greek states, including the elite Athenian navy.

Why did Athens lose the Peloponnesian War?

Athens lost the Peloponnesian War for two main reasons. The invasion lost Alcibiades, all of the army and navy, and Athens’ morale. Though the war dragged on for another decade, the combined effects of those two problems lost the Peloponnesian War for Athens.

Who won the Persian war?

the Greeks
Though the outcome of battles seemed to tip in Persia’s favor (such as the famed battle at Thermopylae where a limited number of Spartans managed to wage an impressive stand against the Persians), the Greeks won the war. There are two factors that helped the Greeks defeat the Persian Empire.

When did Thucydides write the history of the Peloponnesian War?

460 – c. 400 BC) was an Athenian historian and general. His History of the Peloponnesian War recounts the fifth-century BC war between Sparta and Athens until the year 411 BC….

Notable work History of the Peloponnesian War
Relatives Oloros (father)

Will have its thinking done by cowards and its fighting done by fools?

The society that separates scholars from its warriors will have it thinking done by cowards and its fighting done by fools. -Thucydides – #WORKLAD.

Who won Sparta or Persia?

The Greek forces, mostly Spartan, were led by Leonidas. After three days of holding their own against the Persian king Xerxes I and his vast southward-advancing army, the Greeks were betrayed, and the Persians were able to outflank them.

Who was the first person to write about the Peloponnesian War?

1. “Thucydides the Athenian wrote the history of the war fought between Athens and Sparta, beginning the account at the very outbreak of the war, in the belief that it was going to be a great war and more worth writing about than any of those which had taken place in the past.

Why was the Peloponnesian War important to Thucydides?

These are Thucydides’ opening sentences, in which he explains his primary motive for writing about the war he lived through and served in as an Athenian general: He believed the war to be the most significant conflict in the history of the Hellenic people, specifically because the two main combatants were so powerful and so polarizing.

What are some famous quotes from Thucydides?

“My work is not a piece of writing designed to meet the needs of an immediate public, but was done to last for ever.” “Men who are capable of real action first make their plans and then go forward without hesitation while their enemies have still not made up their minds.”