What is the history of pneumonia?

Symptoms of pneumonia were first described by the Greek physician Hippocrates around 460 BC. Although it carried many names and was often identified as a sickness, it wasn’t until the 19th century that scholars were able to identify pneumonia as its own infection, and not just a symptom of other diseases.

What is the case of pneumonia?

Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs. The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus (purulent material), causing cough with phlegm or pus, fever, chills, and difficulty breathing. A variety of organisms, including bacteria, viruses and fungi, can cause pneumonia.

What are three 3 physical assessment findings that are noted with the development of pneumonia?

Pneumonia was diagnosed using standard criteria, including chest radiograph demonstrating pneumonia, probable pneumonia, or the presence of a new infiltrate and the presence of at least two of the following symptoms and signs compatible with pneumonia: (1) new or increased cough; (2) new or increased sputum production; …

How do you assess a patient with pneumonia?


  1. Blood tests. Blood tests are used to confirm an infection and to try to identify the type of organism causing the infection.
  2. Chest X-ray. This helps your doctor diagnose pneumonia and determine the extent and location of the infection.
  3. Pulse oximetry.
  4. Sputum test.

Did you know facts about pneumonia?

6 Surprising Facts About Pneumonia

  • There’s no one cause of pneumonia.
  • Germs that cause pneumonia often live in your body.
  • Pneumonia can be deadly in young children.
  • Breastfeeding helps prevent pneumonia.
  • Getting a flu shot helps prevent pneumonia.
  • Pneumonia usually gets better in two weeks.

When was pneumonia discovered?

The bacteria Streptococcus pneumonia is one of the most common causes of pneumonia throughout the world. The Discovery of the bacteria occurred in 1881 when French microbiologist, Louis Pasteur, and American microbiologist, George Sternberg, each independently identified lancet-shaped bacteria in saliva.

What is the main cause of pneumonia?

Common Causes of Pneumonia Viruses, bacteria, and fungi can all cause pneumonia. In the United States, common causes of viral pneumonia are influenza, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19). A common cause of bacterial pneumonia is Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus).

What is the preventive practice of pneumonia?

Get a flu shot every year to prevent seasonal influenza. The flu is a common cause of pneumonia, so preventing the flu is a good way to prevent pneumonia. Children younger than 5 and adults 65 and older should get vaccinated against pneumococcal pneumonia, a common form of bacterial pneumonia.

What features suggest viral pneumonia?

The common constitutional symptoms of viral pneumonias are fever, chills, nonproductive cough, rhinitis, myalgias, headaches, and fatigue. Symptoms of viral pneumonia are similar to that of bacterial pneumonia, although studies have shown a lower probability of having chest pain and rigors in viral pneumonias.

What diagnostic findings support the diagnosis of pneumonia?

A chest X-ray is often used to diagnose pneumonia. Blood tests, such as a complete blood count (CBC) to see whether your immune system is fighting an infection. Pulse oximetry to measure how much oxygen is in your blood.

What are you on alert for with a patient with pneumonia?

When to Seek Emergency Room Treatment for Pneumonia Go to a 24-hour emergency center immediately if you have any of the following symptoms: Difficulty breathing. Chest pain. Coughing up blood.

What are risk factors for pneumonia?

The risk factors for pneumonia include: smoking, age>65, immuno-suppression, exposure to chemicals, and underlying lung disease.

How does the community acquired pneumonia severity index ( PSI ) work?

Per​​ Yealy and Fine (2017), there is a tool called the​​ community acquired pneumonia​​ severity index​​ (PSI)​​ which can assist providers in determining whether or not to admit patients for a CAP. The index places patients in classes with class I being associated with the lowest mortality, and class V being associated with the highest mortality.

Who is XY in the pulmonary case study?

XY is an 84 y/o M with a PMH of HTN, BPH and seasonal allergies, ​​ presenting to the ED ​​ today ​​ for trouble breathing. He states ​​ that yesterday he developed a productive cough with yellow sputum.

How many views does a radiograph need to diagnose pneumonia?

Bartlett also states that the radiograph should be a minimum of two views, and that a CXR is typically sufficient in diagnosing pneumonia without the need for a computed tomography (CT) scan, although such a test can clarify an ambiguous CXR image​​ (Bartlett, 2018).

What are the signs and symptoms of pneumonia?

Vital signs are as follows: blood pressure 152/90, apical heart rate 112/minute and regular, respiratory rate 24/minute and somewhat labored, temperature 102.6oF. Examination of the neck reveals a large, non-tender hard lymph node in the right supraclavicular fossa.