What is line of reflection of synovial membrane?

Description. The synovial membrane invests the inner surface of the fibrous capsule, and is reflected over any tendons passing through the joint cavity, as the tendon of the Popliteus in the knee, and the tendon of the Biceps brachii in the shoulder.

What is synovial reflection?

A synovial sheath is a sac that completely surrounds a tendon, forming a synovial lining on the surface of the tendon and the lining of the sheath. The synovial reflection between these visceral and parietal layers is termed the mesotendon.

What is the synovial membrane in the knee?

The synovial membrane of the knee is the inner aspect of the knee capsule, which produces synovial fluid to aid in the lubrication of the knee joint. It is also reflected on to the articular margins of the femur, tibia and patella.

What membrane is the knee joint lined with?

In a healthy knee, a thin, smooth tissue liner called the synovial membrane releases a fluid that lubricates the knee, reducing friction as the bones move.

Which structure is Intrasynovial at the knee joint?

The area without fluid is a triangular space between the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments that appears on the midsagittal image. This triangular space of the cruciate ligaments is an extrasynovial space within which both the anterior cruciate ligament and the posterior cruciate ligament reside.

What is the difference between bursa and synovial fluid?

The key difference between bursa and synovial fluid is that bursa is a tiny fluid-filled sac found around a joint while synovial fluid is the viscous, slippery fluid that fills cavities of synovial joints. It is a tiny fluid-filled sac involved in reducing friction between the bones of a joint.

Why are bursae important to synovial joints?

It provides a cushion between bones and tendons and/or muscles around a joint. This helps to reduce friction between the bones and allows free movement. Bursae are found around most major joints of the body.

What is the synovial membrane made of?

The synovial membrane is the inner layer of the joint capsule made up of intima and subintima (an outer layer of connective tissue). The intima is the inner layer of the synovial membrane consisting of two types of cells: fibroblast-like (type B) synovial cells and macrophage-like (type A) synovial cells.

What is the function of the synovial membrane in a synovial joint?

This membrane, together with the cells of the intima, acts like an inner tube, sealing the synovial fluid from the surrounding tissue and effectively stopping the joints from being squeezed dry when subjected to impact (such as when running).

What is the synovial membrane function?

A layer of connective tissue that lines the cavities of joints, tendon sheaths, and bursae (fluid-filled sacs between tendons and bones). The synovial membrane makes synovial fluid, which has a lubricating function.

What is the lining of the knee called?

The undersurface of the joint capsule is lined by a thin membrane called the synovium. The synovium produces a fluid that lubricates the joint. The knee joint is the most common location for synovial chondromatosis. Although it is not shown, a thin synovial membrane lines the joint.

Where does the transverse ligament cross the knee joint?

As it crosses to the other side of the knee joint, the ligament passes underneath the transverse ligament (see below) and blends with the anterior horn of the lateral meniscus.

Are there any accessory movements in the knee joint?

Some accessory movements in the knee joint are possible, but depend on the position of the knee. For example, adduction and abduction is prevented by the interlocking of the femoral and tibial condyles, as well as collateral ligaments and cruciate ligaments when the knee is fully extended.

Are there any ligaments that prevent overextension of the knee?

Dorsal. Two ligaments prevent overextension of the knee. The oblique popliteal ligament spreads diagonally from the medial condyle of the tibia to the lateral condyle of the femur. The arcuate popliteal ligament inserts on the head of the fibula, into the oblique popliteal ligament, and the joint capsule.

Where does innervation of the knee joint come from?

The knee joint receives innervation from the femoral nerve, via the saphenous nerve and muscular branches. The joint also receives contributions from the tibial and common fibular (peroneal) nerves, and the posterior division of the obturator nerve.