What is Honda Fujishima effect?

Discovery of the Honda-Fujishima effect A photocatalyst is any material that uses light energy to promote a chemical reaction. The discovery that titanium dioxide photocatalyzed the decomposition of water was announced in 1972 in the journal Nature, and is now called the Honda-Fujishima effect after its discoverers.

What is water splitting reaction?

Water splitting is the chemical reaction in which water is broken down into oxygen and hydrogen: 2 H2O → 2 H2 + O. A version of water splitting occurs in photosynthesis, but hydrogen is not produced.

Why TiO2 is used as photocatalyst?

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) has been widely used as a photocatalyst in many environmental and energy applications due to its efficient photoactivity, high stability, low cost, and safety to the environment and humans.

Who discovered photocatalysis?

Akira Fujishima

Akira Fujishima
Known for Discovery of photocatalytic and superhydrophilic properties of TiO2
Awards Asahi Prize (1983) Japan Prize (2004) Japan Academy Prize (2004) Order of Culture (2017)
Scientific career
Fields Photoelectrochemistry TiO2 Photocatalysis Photofunctional Materials Diamond Electrochemistry

Is water splitting the same as electrolysis?

Electrolysis of water is the process of using electricity to decompose water into oxygen and hydrogen gas by a process called electrolysis. Sometimes called water splitting, electrolysis requires a minimum potential difference of 1.23 volts.

What are the three products from the splitting of water?

In a process called photolysis (‘light’ and ‘split’), light energy and catalyst s interact to drive the splitting of water molecules into protons (H+), electrons, and oxygen gas.

Why methylene blue is used in photocatalysis?

Photocatalytic degradation oxidizes complex organic compounds into small molecular inorganic substances, such as carbon dioxide and water, under light. The reaction is thorough and causes no secondary pollution [1,2]. Methylene blue is used not only to dye paper and office supplies but also to tone up silk colors.

What is rutile and anatase?

Titanium dioxide has two forms: rutile and anatase. Rutile is deep red while anatase is yellow to blue. Rutile has a high absorbance property than anatase. Rutile and anatase are both used in the white pigmentation of paints, paper, and ceramics. Sunscreens contain rutile because of its absorbance of ultraviolet rays.

What is Nanophotocatalyst?

Nanophotocatalysts are mainly classified as surface plasmon resonance-mediated, metal-organic charge-transfer-based, and semiconductor-based nanophotocatalysts, capable of driving various organic reactions photocatalytically.

What is a photocatalyst used for?

A photocatalyst is a material which absorbs light to bring it to higher energy level and provides such energy to a reacting substance to make a chemical reaction occur.

What is blue hydrogen?

Blue hydrogen is derived from methane in natural gas. It has previously been touted as a better alternative because the production emissions are captured and stored deep underground. In addition, carbon dioxide is a byproduct of blue hydrogen production.

Why is splitting water an uphill process?

The overall water splitting reaction is considered as a thermodynamically uphill reaction with a large Gibbs free energy of ΔG° = + 237.2 kJ mol−1 (Eq. 8.1). The light-driven water splitting process is triggered when n-type TiO2 photocatalyst absorbs photons (hv) with energies greater than its band gap energy.