- 1 What is an ice sheet simple definition?
- 2 What is an example of a continental glacier?
- 3 What is the main reason for melting of ice sheets Mcq?
What is an ice sheet simple definition?
An ice sheet is a large mass of glacier ice that covers an area of more than 50,000 square kilometres (19,000 sq mi). It may also be called a continental glacier. Masses of ice covering less than 50,000 km2 are called ice caps. The ice in an ice cap usually comes from a series of glaciers that drain into it.
What are the characteristics of ice sheets?
Ice sheets are constantly in motion, slowly flowing downhill under their own weight. Near the coast, most of the ice moves through relatively fast-moving outlets called ice streams, glaciers, and ice shelves. As long as an ice sheet accumulates the same mass of snow as it loses to the sea, it remains stable.
What do many scientists believe is playing a role in the melting of the Earth’s ice sheets?
Many scientists believe that global warming is playing a role in the melting of the ice sheets. Global warming is the increase in the world’s average temperature. Most scientists believe that the global warming the Earth is now experiencing is caused in large part by human activity.
What are ice sheets also called?
Ice sheets contain about 99% of the freshwater on Earth, and are sometimes called continental glaciers. As ice sheets extend to the coast and over the ocean, they become ice shelves. A mass of glacial ice covering less area than an ice sheet is called an ice cap.
What is an example of a continental glacier?
Continental glaciers are continuous masses of ice that are much larger than alpine glaciers. Big continental glaciers are called ice sheets. Greenland and Antarctica are almost entirely covered with ice sheets that are up to 3500 m (11 500 ft) thick.
Why do continental ice sheets flow away from their center?
Glacial ice flows away from the zone of accumulation when the thick ice deforms plastically under its own weight.
What is continental ice sheets?
In glaciology, an ice sheet, also known as a continental glacier, is a mass of glacial ice that covers surrounding terrain and is greater than 50,000 km2 (19,000 sq mi). Masses of ice covering less than 50,000 km2 are termed an ice cap. An ice cap will typically feed a series of glaciers around its periphery.
What is the main reason for melting of ice sheets?
Human activities are at the root of this phenomenon. Specifically, since the industrial revolution, carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions have raised temperatures, even higher in the poles, and as a result, glaciers are rapidly melting, calving off into the sea and retreating on land.
What is the main reason for melting of ice sheets Mcq?
What is the main reason for melting of ice sheets? Explanation: Global warming is affecting various places around the world. It is a accelerated the melting of ice sheets, permafrost and glaciers which there by causing rise in the average sea levels to greater extent continuously. 13.
What is a continental glacier?
Continental glaciers are continuous masses of ice that are much larger than alpine glaciers. Small continental glaciers are called ice fields. Big continental glaciers are called ice sheets. Continental glaciers bury the landscape and only the highest mountain peaks poke out through the ice surface.
Where is a continental glacier?
The largest ice sheets, called continental glaciers, spread over vast areas. Today, continental glaciers cover most of Antarctica and the island of Greenland.
In which direction do ice sheets flow and why?
Ice sheets flow outward from their dome-like centers, where they are generally thickest, and push ice outward until they encounter ocean, or where climate is warm enough to melt the ice faster than the combined flow rate and winter snowfall.