What is a couch in radiation therapy?

Image-Guided Radiotherapy In this case, the patient couch (surgery table) plays a key role in the entire process. By superimposing all different images, the position of the patient is specified (in relation to the 3-D recorded tumor data and also in relation to the radiation source).

What is LINAC therapy?

A medical linear accelerator (LINAC) is the device most commonly used for external beam radiation treatments for patients with cancer. It delivers high-energy x-rays or electrons to the region of the patient’s tumor.

What equipment is used in radiation therapy?

Radiation oncologists use linear accelerators or cobalt machines to deliver external beam therapy. Your radiation oncologist will determine the equipment most suited to your treatment. The linear accelerator is the most commonly used device for external beam therapy.

How does Mr LINAC work?

How does it work? The Magnetic Resonance Linear Accelerator (MR Linac) combines two technologies – an MR scanner and linear accelerator – to precisely locate tumours, tailor the shape of X-ray beams in real time and accurately deliver doses of radiation to moving tumours.

What is gantry in radiation therapy?

In a medical facility, such as a hospital or clinic, a gantry holds radiation detectors and/or a radiation source used to diagnose or treat a patient’s illness. Radiation sources may produce gamma radiation, x-rays, electromagnetic radiation, or magnetic fields depending on the purpose of the device.

What can radiation cause?

Exposure to very high levels of radiation, such as being close to an atomic blast, can cause acute health effects such as skin burns and acute radiation syndrome (“radiation sickness”). It can also result in long-term health effects such as cancer and cardiovascular disease.

What are the disadvantages of Linac?

The main disadvantage is that, because the particles travel in a straight line, each accelerating segment is used only once. This means that the only way of achieving particle beams with even higher energy is to undertake the expense of adding segments to the length of the linac.

What radiation does linac use?

LINAC uses high X-ray energy produced by collision of accelerated electrons on a heavy metal.

What are the 3 types of radiation treatment?

Radiation therapy can be given in 3 ways:

  • External radiation (or external beam radiation): uses a machine that directs high-energy rays from outside the body into the tumor.
  • Internal radiation: Internal radiation is also called brachytherapy.

What are the limitations of linear accelerator?

What is the cost of a linear accelerator?

$300,000 to $500,000. The linear accelerators in this category include LINAC systems with advanced KV-Imaging capabilities and advanced software, such as Cone Beam CT and VMAT. Pricing in this category can vary greatly depending on the location of installation and individual LINAC specifications.

What kind of treatment can linac be used for?

The LINAC is used to treat all body sites, using conventional techniques, Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT), Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT), Image Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT), Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS) and Stereotactic Body Radio Therapy (SBRT). How does the equipment work?

What do you need to know about linac radiation therapy?

If you’re scheduled for radiation therapy using a LINAC, your radiation oncologist will collaborate with a radiation dosimetrist and a medical physicist to develop a treatment plan for you.

How is radiation delivered in a treatment couch?

The treatment couch can move in many directions including up, down, right, left, in and out. The beam comes out of a part of the accelerator called a gantry, which can be rotated around the patient. Radiation can be delivered to the tumor from many angles by rotating the gantry and moving the treatment couch.