What happened between Hernán Cortés and Tenochtitlán?

Spanish conquistadores commanded by Hernán Cortés allied with local tribes to conquer the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlán. Cortés’s army besieged Tenochtitlán for 93 days, and a combination of superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to conquer the city.

What did Cortés do with his ships prior to marching on the city of Tenochtitlán?

Before marching against the Aztec capital, he destroyed his ships to prevent his men from turning back.

How did Cortés capture Tenochtitlán?

The Spanish fired shots, which stunned the natives and further intimidated them. Cortés entered the city, sacked it and took Montezuma hostage. La Malinche helped Cortés manipulate Montezuma and rule Tenochtitlán through him. “It is also said that she informed Cortés of an Aztec plot to destroy his army,” Cosme said.

What did Cortés do to his Spanish ships?

When members of Cortés’ crew rebelled against his rule and attempted to seize a ship to sail back to Cuba, the conquistador ordered all 10 remaining ships from his original fleet (an 11th had been sent back to Spain to notify the king) scuttled at Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz in July of the same year.

What did Hernán Cortés discover?

Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés (c. 1485-1547) is best known for conquering the Aztecs and claiming Mexico on behalf of Spain.

What was the purpose of Tenochtitlan?

In less than 200 years, it evolved from a small settlement on an island in the western swamps of Lake Texcoco into the powerful political, economic, and religious center of the greatest empire of Precolumbian Mexico. Tenochtitlan was a city of great wealth, obtained through the spoils of tribute from conquered regions.

What was the purpose of Tenochtitlán?

What did Cortes do when the Spanish governor arrived in Mexico Why?

Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés (c. 1485-1547) is best known for conquering the Aztecs and claiming Mexico on behalf of Spain. Cortés ignored the order and traveled to Mexico anyway, setting his sights on overthrowing ruler Montezuma II in the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan.

Why did Montezuma II welcome Cortes at Tenochtitlán?

Montezuma II, also spelled Moctezuma, (born 1466—died c. Welcomed into the capital city of Tenochtitlán by Montezuma, Cortés realized it was a trap and, instead, made the emperor his prisoner, believing that the Aztecs would not attack as long as he held Montezuma captive.

How was Montezuma fooled by Cortés?

The alleged industrialization of Aztec ritual sacrifice has allowed some traditional accounts to justify the conquest. Restall knocks down all three legs. Finally, the leg in the stool that portrays Montezuma as fool, is demolished by Restall in showing that Montezuma made fools of Cortés and his captains.

Why did Cortés scuttle his ships?

Those of his men still loyal to the Governor of Cuba conspired to seize a ship and escape to Cuba, but Cortés moved swiftly to quash their plans. To make sure such a mutiny did not happen again, he decided to sink his ships, on the pretext that they were not seaworthy.

What is Cortes famous quote?

Quick Facts “I love to travel, but hate to arrive.” “He travels safest in the dark night who travels lightest.” “Better to die with honor than live dishonored.”

¿Quiénes fueron los protagonistas de la conquista de Tenochtitlán?

Personajes importantes de la conquista de Tenochtitlán. Entre los protagonistas de la conquista de Tenochtitlán se encuentran: Hernán Cortés (1485 – 1547): líder de la expedición a México y su conquista por parte de España.

¿Cuáles fueron las consecuencias de la conquista de Tenochtitlán?

Consecuencias. Entre las principales consecuencias de la conquista de Tenochtitlán podemos destacar las siguientes: Se originó el Virreinato de Nueva España. Se dio la colonización del idioma español y del catolicismo como única religión válida. Asimismo, la subestimación de todo tipo de creencia o costumbre indígena.

¿Quién era Hernán Cortés y sus aliados?

Hernán Cortés y sus aliados se enfrentaron a unos 200.000 mexicas o aztecas. Moctezuma había muerto a causa de las pedradas lanzadas por su propio pueblo el día 29 de junio de 1520. A partir de entonces estaban comandados por el tlatoani (el que habla) Cuauhtémoc.

¿Cuál fue la salida de los españoles de Tenochtitlán?

La única salida era la retirada, que hicieron en la lluviosa noche del 30 de junio de 1520, conocida como la Noche Triste. Los españoles se dirigieron a una de las calzadas que conducían a la salida de Tenochtitlán cuando fueron descubiertos y miles de guerreros mexicas los atacaron. En la retirada cayó la mayoría de los españoles,