What grows well in wetlands?

Examples of Shrubs for Wetland Sites Chokeberry – Chokeberry is a wetland shrub that can tolerate some shade. Buttonbush – Buttonbush is a native species found typically along streams. Dogwood – Several types of dogwood grow in wet soil including silky and redosier. Inkberry – An evergreen option is the inkberry shrub.

What plants can be found in the wetlands?

Obligate wetland plants include duckweed, water lily, pickerel weed, cattails, wooly sedge, soft-stem bulrush, royal fern, and water horsetail. Obligate upland plants include White pine, White clover, Virginia creeper, Christmas fern, and Ground ivy.

What are 5 plants that live in wetlands?

Plants in a Wetland These include cattails, water lilies, bulltongue, sedges, tamarisk, and many kinds of rush. Wetland plants are adapted to the saturated conditions that persist for a majority of the year. The different vegetation types in a wetland can be divided up into emergents, floating, and submerged plants.

What flowers grow in a swamp?


  • Joe-Pye weed (Eupatorium maculatum)
  • Horsetail (Equisetum hyemale)
  • Corkscrew rush (Juncus effusus)
  • Northern blue flag (Iris versicolor)
  • Papyrus (Cyperus papyrus)
  • Marsh marigold (Caltha palustris)

What kind of plants and animals live in wetlands?

Alligators, snakes, turtles, newts and salamanders are among the reptiles and amphibians that live in wetlands. Invertebrates, such as crayfish, shrimp, mosquitoes, snails and dragonflies, also live in wetlands, along with birds including plover, grouse, storks, herons and other waterfowl.

Why are wetland plants unique?

Flooding results in oxygen-free (anoxic) processes prevailing, especially in the soils. The primary factor that distinguishes wetlands from terrestrial land forms or water bodies is the characteristic vegetation of aquatic plants, adapted to the unique anoxic hydric soils.

What can you plant in a swampy yard?

What do wetland plants need to survive?

Did you know that plants need oxygen to survive just like you? But in a wetland, the pockets in the soil are filled with water, so wetland plants have adaptations to help them get oxygen. Some wetland plants have special air pockets inside their stems called aerenchyma that allow oxygen to flow down into their roots.

What is wetland flora?

Wetland vegetation specifically grows in water or is adapted to a growing in soil that is at least periodically flooded with water. These wetland plants are also referred to as “hydrophytes”.

Is bamboo a wetland plant?

Contrary to what you might think, bamboo does not grow in swamps or wet, saturated soil. Bamboo needs soil with good drainage. So it will not grow in ponds, and you can’t grow it too close to the lake shore or the river side. But there are a handful of bamboo species that can tolerate more water than others.

What crops are grown in wetlands?

Wetlands also contributed to food security through providing space for growing crops, and the sale of wetland products to raise cash income that is then used to purchase food (Figure 4). The main crops grown by respondents in wetlands were vegetables, sugarcane, coco yams and paddy rice.

What type of trees live in wetlands?

Wetland Trees. Certain types of trees will grow and thrive in wetlands, with species such as box elder, eastern hemlock, bald cypress, ironwood and hop hornbeam among them. Some will actually prosper in standing water such as the bald cypress, while others can grow well in the water or close by, like black gum and water tupelo.

What are the most common wetland species?

The most common wetland species of animals include many types of snakes, turtles, lizards, frogs, toads, salamanders and insects. Mammals such as beavers are common, as are many types of birds, including various species of ducks, geese and songbirds.

What plants will grow well in a swampy area?

Plant Choices for Swampy Areas: Trees. The swamp tupelo is the best choice here if what you are looking for is something different,a plant that probably no one else

  • Shrubs. You cannot go wrong with either pussy willows or winterberry if you enjoy crafts.
  • Perennials. Northern blue flag may be the prettiest of the bunch.