Contents

## What does P mean in a chart?

A p-chart is an attributes control chart used with data collected in subgroups of varying sizes. Because the subgroup size can vary, it shows a proportion on nonconforming items rather than the actual count.

**How do I make a P chart?**

Create a chart using a p Chart template:

- Open a template: QI Macros > Control Chart Templates > Attribute (c,np,p,u,g,t) > p Chart.
- Input your data into the yellow shaded area.
- The chart is drawn as the data is input.
- Run stability analysis using the chart tools menu.

### What is a P chart used for?

The p-chart is a quality control chart used to monitor the proportion of nonconforming units in different samples of size n; it is based on the binomial distribution where each unit has only two possibilities (i.e. defective or not defective).

**How do you find P in p-chart?**

The subgroup size is n = 100. The p values for each subgroup (day) have been calculated and are shown in the table. For example, for day 1, there were 22 defective items (np) found in the 100 invoices inspected. Thus, p = np/n = 22/100 = 0.22 or 22%.

## How do you interpret p control charts?

Interpret the key results for P Chart

- Step 1: Determine whether the proportion of defective items is in control. The P chart plots the proportion of defective items (also called nonconforming units) for each subgroup.
- Step 2: Identify which points failed each test.

**How do you find P in P chart?**

### How do you create a P chart in Excel?

Creating a New p Chart

- Select the data on the worksheet to be included in the analysis.
- Select “Attribute” from the “Control Charts” panel on the SPC for Excel ribbon.
- Select “p Chart” and then select “OK”.
- The input screen below for the p chart is displayed.

**What is P and NP chart explain with examples?**

p and np control charts are used with yes/no type attributes data. These two charts are commonly used to monitor the fraction (p chart) or number (np chart) of defective items in a subgroup of items. Each week you calculate the fraction defective, p, which is equal to np/n. The values of p are plotted over time.

## What is the difference between p-chart and NP chart?

The main difference between P and NP charts is the vertical scale. P charts show the proportion of nonconforming units on the y-axis. NP charts show the whole number of nonconforming units on the y-axis.

**Which distribution is used in p-chart?**

The p-chart is based on the binomial distribution. For the binomial distribution, the probability of occurrence of nonconforming items is assumed to be constant for each item and the items are assumed to be independent of each other with respect to meeting specifications.

### How do you find the P bar?

We will also be computing an average proportion and calling it p-bar. It is the total number of successes divided by the total number of trials.

**What is the formula for a p chart?**

Here is the formula used to calculate a p Chart. pᵢ = number of non-conforming items. nᵢ = sample size.

## When to use a p chart in SPC?

For a sample subgroup, the number of defective parts is counted and plotted as either a percentage of the total subgroup sample size, or a fraction of the total subgroup sample size. The p-Chart chart can be used if the sample subgroup size varies from sampling interval to sampling interval.

**What are the assumptions for a p chart?**

The binomial distribution is the basis for the p-chart and requires the following assumptions: 1 The probability of nonconformity p is the same for each unit; 2 Each unit is independent of its predecessors or successors; 3 The inspection procedure is the same for each sample and is carried out consistently from sample to sample

### How is a p chart used in quality control?

p-chart. In statistical quality control, the p-chart is a type of control chart used to monitor the proportion of nonconforming units in a sample, where the sample proportion nonconforming is defined as the ratio of the number of nonconforming units to the sample size, n.