How does Kant differ from Hobbes?

A substantial difference between Kant and Hobbes is that Hobbes bases his argument on the individual benefit for each party to the contract, whereas Kant bases his argument on Right itself, understood as freedom for all persons in general, not just for the individual benefit that the parties to the contract obtain in …

What did Hobbes Locke and Rousseau do?

The classic social-contract theorists of the 17th and 18th centuries—Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679), John Locke (1632–1704), and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–78)—held that the social contract is the means by which civilized society, including government, arises from a historically or logically preexisting condition of …

What are the similarities and differences between Locke Hobbes and Rousseau?

Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau each had a unique interpretation of the social contract. One of the similarities between the three philosophers was that they believed in freedom. Even though they agree on freedom they all had different interpretations of freedom. Locke believed that freedom existed when humans were alone.

Why does Kant refuse Hobbes solution to the state of nature?

Kant again used the Hobbesian idea of the state of nature to resolve the problems and conflicts that occurred between states, rather than among individuals. Because of the absence of the law, Kant argued, both individuals and states lack any kind of security in their state of nature.

What is Kant main philosophy?

His moral philosophy is a philosophy of freedom. Kant believes that if a person could not act otherwise, then his or her act can have no moral worth. Further, he believes that every human being is endowed with a conscience that makes him or her aware that the moral law has authority over them.

How do Hobbes and Locke differ?

Locke believed that we have the right to life as well as the right to just and impartial protection of our property. Any violation of the social contract would one in a state of war with his fellow countrymen. Conversely, Hobbes believed that if you simply do what you are told, you are safe.

Who was Locke Montesquieu and Rousseau?

Enlightenment philosophers John Locke, Charles Montesquieu, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau all developed theories of government in which some or even all the people would govern. These thinkers had a profound effect on the American and French revolutions and the democratic governments that they produced.

What is the difference between John Locke’s and Hobbes philosophy?

Locke views the state of nature more positively and presupposes it to be governed by natural law. Hobbes emphasises the free and equal condition of man in the state of nature, as he states that ‘nature hath made men so equal in the faculties of mind and body…the difference between man and man is not so considerable.

What did Locke disagree with?

But he disagreed with Hobbes on two major points. First, Locke argued that natural rights such as life, liberty, and property existed in the state of nature and could never be taken away or even voluntarily given up by individuals. Locke also disagreed with Hobbes about the social contract.

Did Immanuel Kant get married?

He had a sense of humour, and there were women in his life, although he never married. On occasion, Kant drank so much red wine he was unable to find his way home, the books claim. “This is of course the picture of the old Kant, the Kant who had written all his major works.