Are Apophyseal joints and facet joints the same?

Facet joints, also known as apophyseal or zygoapophyseal joints, are the synovial articulations of the posterior arch of the vertebrae and form part of the posterior column.

What are the cervical Zygapophyseal joints?

Also known as the zygapophyseal or apophyseal joint, is a synovial joint between the superior articular process of one vertebra and the inferior articular process of the vertebra directly above it. There are two facet joints in each spinal motion segment.

What kind of synovial joint is the zygapophyseal joint?

Applied anatomy Zygapophyseal joints are the only synovial joints in the spine, with hyaline cartilage overlying subchondral bone, a synovial membrane and a joint capsule; they comprise the postero-lateral articulation between vertebral levels (Figure 1). The joint space has a potential capacity of 1 to 2 ml.

What is the joint classification of the Zygapophyseal joints?

The zygapophyseal joint is structurally classified as a plane synovial joint.

What is Apophyseal arthritis?

An apophyseal joint is a point where two or more bones join in the spine. The spinal joint is encapsulated by connective tissues, coated with cartilage and lubricated with synovial fluid to enable smooth joint articulation. Each vertebra has a pair of apophyseal joints- one on the left and one on the right.

What is the function of zygapophyseal joints?

Zygapophyseal joints are paired synovial joints with a capsule, which resist vertebral rotation and thus limit torsional stress on the lumbar disks.

What is zygapophyseal joint pain?

Facet joint disease is a condition in which the facet joints (also termed zygapophyseal joints) of the spine become a source of pain. This is a very common disease process (its prevalence increasing with age) and is a common source of disability with significant economic impact.

What type of synovial joint is the spine?


Joint Range of Motion and Material
Skull Sutures Immovable fibrous joints
Knee Full movement synovial capsule hinge joint
Vertebrae Some movement cartilaginous joint

What type of joint is the Sternocostal joint?

synovial plane joints
The sternocostal joints also known as sternochondral joints (or costosternal articulations), are synovial plane joints of the costal cartilages of the true ribs with the sternum.

What type of joint is the sacroiliac joint?

diarthrodial synovial joint
The SI joint is a diarthrodial synovial joint. It is surrounded by a fibrous capsule containing a joint space filled with synovial fluid between the articular surfaces. The articular surface is made up of two, strong, C-shaped layers.

What is an Apophyseal injury?

Answer: Apophyseal injuries are stresses to the growth plate in adolescent athletes. They can range from just a stress reaction with inflammation in the area and soreness to a complete fracture.

What structures form the zygapophysial joint?

Intra-articular structures The lumbar zygapophysial joints are formed by the articulation of the inferior articular processes of one lumbar vertebra with the superior articular processes of the next vertebra . The joints exhibit the features typical of synovial joints.

What does zygapophyseal joint mean?

Zygapophysial joint A zygapophysial joint is a synovial joint between the superior articular process of one vertebra and the inferior articular process of the vertebra directly above it. There are two facet joints in each spinal motion segment.

What to know about cervical facet joint pain?

Symptoms of Cervical Facet Joint Syndrome Achy, widespread (Diffuse) pain felt in the shoulders, neck and back of the skull, and/or upper and mid back. Can occur on one side, or on both sides of the body. Pain may be constant or come and go. Decreased extension and rotation of the neck accompanied by an increase in pain. Pain and tenderness to palpation around the affected facet joint.

What is thoracic facet joint syndrome?

Thoracic facet syndrome, also known as thoracic facet disease or thoracic osteoarthritis , is a degenerative spine condition in which the facet joints of the thoracic (middle) region of spine deteriorate over time and become painful and stiff. Causes.